Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease, which leads to ulceration and inflammation of inner lining of the rectum and the colon. The swelling will generally begin in the rectum and will slowly spread upward to reach the entire colon. The problem with this disease is that it can occur in any age. However, this condition is known to be common among people between the age group of 15 and 40 years. It is found that it is a hereditary condition and so it can run in some families.
As mentioned earlier, it is a genetic disorder and so genetic factor is stated to be the important reason, while other causes include infection, collagen disorder and food allergies. Ayurveda states that all factors that can create an imbalance in the pitta dosha can lead to this issue. For instance, factors that can bring about an imbalance in this dosha includes taking slate or sour infected foods, skipping meals, excessive mental stress, excessive smoking and alcohol consumption, excessive exposure to the sun, excessive heat and food consumption when walking and when watching television.
• Abdominal pain
• Yellowish or bluish stool with indigestion symptoms
• Irregular bowel movements
• Burning sensation in the throat and chest
• Weight loss
• Occasional pain in the rectal areas
• Lack of desire towards food
• Weight loss
• Unpleasant body odor
• Unexplained fatigue
Ayurvedic view of the condition:
Ayurveda refers this condition as pittaj grahani as this disease is believed to be caused mainly because of the imbalance of pitta dosha. Even in some patients there will be vata involvement as well. Ayurvedic experts are of the opinion that lifestyle changes that can bring about an imbalance in the pitta dosha will initially cause damage to the blood vessels and then muscle tissues will also be affected. This in turn will lead to excessive formation of toxins in the body that gathers in the intestines. This will cause a smooth coating in the intestines, thereby affecting their normal function and their immunity.
Ayurveda also feels that in the case of patients with the above-mentioned issues, vata dosha in the lower colon will also get aggravated and it will block the kapha and pitta channels as well. This in turn will lead to edema, mucous gathering and inflammation.
So, treatment for this condition in ayurveda involves elimination of the toxins from the body, such that healthy digestive function can be restored. Also, the treatment will involve creation of an environment that is not friendly to bacteria growth. Once the immunity and fundamental strengths are restored, the treatment will focus towards curing the ulcers.
Recommended lifestyle changes:
• Patients taking medications for this condition in ayurveda are recommended to avoid alcohol, tea and coffee.
• They are also recommended to include more of cumin seeds and coriander in their diet
• They are also suggested to improve their eating habits by taking foods in a calm environment, so that they can focus on completely chewing the foods before swallowing them. This will help in easier digestion.