Melanoma is one type of skin cancer. The first melanoma symptoms often are the development of a new pigmented or unusual-looking growth on your skin and a change in an existing mole.
The skin is an organ that covers the outside part of the human body. The skin has several functions in the human body such as protection the inner side of the body, keep up the body temperature and gets rid of the toxins from the body through sweating. There are two layers of skin which are dermis and epidermis.
Usually, the symptoms of melanoma during the early stages are not visible. However, there are some that experiences soreness, itchiness or bleeding. Most melanomas are starting as new skin growth over the unmarked skin. This growth may change in shape, size and colour. These changes are one of the early signs of melanoma.
Melanoma can also develop from existing moles or other skin marks. Skin cancer or melanoma is capable of growing in any part of the human body. This usually occurs at the back in both males and females.
In women, melanoma symptoms usually occur on the legs. Seldom, this skin cancer can also happen at the palms, soles or nail beds. In older women, melanoma normally grows in the face and for older men, normally grows at the ears, neck and scalp.
Melanoma Signs and Symptoms:
- The significant evidence of melanoma symptoms are the changes with the size, colour, and shape of a mole, birthmark or other types of skin growth and spots.
- Another factor to notice is for a mole or spot that looks different from other spots of moles in your body.
- Be aware of the changes that happen over weeks or month. There is a system used to tell you about the changes you should be aware of.
This system is known to be the ABCDE System:
A – This stands for asymmetry. It shows half of the skin growth, spot or mole that does not match to the other half.
B – This stands for the border irregularity. This is showing that edges are notched, ragged or blurred.
C – This stands for the colour. You can see the colour is uneven all over the mole or skin growth.
D – This stands for the diameter. Diameter is tested when the mole, spot or skin growth is larger than the average size of a pencil eraser.
E – This stands for the evolution. The mole is changing the size, colour and shape.
Additional Warning Signs of Cancerous Moles:
- Sore that is not healing
- Swelling and redness beyond the mole border
- Pigment spreads from the border of the mole or spot
- There are changes with the sensation such as pain, tenderness and itchiness
- The surface of the mole have changes like scaling, bleeding and the appearance becomes bumpy.
There lots of other skin conditions like basal cell cancer that is having similar features to cancerous moles or melanoma.
Characteristics of cancerous moles that has metastasized:
- Swollen lymph nodes in groynes or armpits
- Colourless lump under the skin
- Thickening of lump under the skin
Make sure to visit your doctor if you discovered the early melanoma symptoms mentioned above. There are times that it is hard to distinguish the difference of cancerous moles to ordinary moles. The Early stage of melanoma could be cured easily; however, if you seek advice at the later stage, they can be difficult to treat.