Prostate Cancer : Symptoms and Treatment

 

Prostate Cancer Symptoms

Men are recommended to be aware of prostate cancer symptoms as this cancer is common among men. There are many different prostate cancer treatment options available. But, before gathering some details, it is better to understand what is prostate cancer. Cancer is a disease that begins when cells in the body start to grow out of control. Cells that are present in any part of the human body can turn out to be cancer cells, and it can spread to other parts of the body when not treated. Similarly, prostate cancer begins when cells in the prostate gland begin to grow in an uncontrollable manner. The prostate is a gland that is found in men alone, and it is responsible for making a fluid that forms part of the semen produced. The prostate is present in front of the rectum and below the bladder and also its size change with age. Now, it is time to understand the prostate cancer symptoms and causes:

Causes of Prostate Cancer:

In the case of younger men, the prostate gland will be about the size of a walnut, while in the case of older men, it will be larger. Now, when talking about the causes of this cancer, different factors like age, genetics, a diet high in red meat, medications taken for some conditions like anti-inflammatory drugs, STDs and obesity can cause prostate cancer in men.

When it comes to prostate cancer symptoms, in the early stages of this cancer there will not be any visible symptoms. Most men get to know that they have prostate cancer only after a routine checkup or blood test. However, some common symptoms include

  • Frequent urination,

  • Waking up at night very often to urinate,

  • Difficulty in starting urination, difficulty in continuing urination once it is started, blood in urine, painful urination,

  • Rarely painful ejaculation and hardness in reaching or upholding ejaculation

These are the most common signs of prostate cancer. It is better to talk to a doctor to find whether prostate cancer treatment is needed in the case of these symptoms.

Survival Rate:

Generally, it is stated that prostate cancer survival rate is five years from the date of diagnosis, which differs according to the stage of diagnosis. Also, in the case of patients diagnosed at early stages of this cancer, complete cure is always possible. Also, the five-year mark differs from one patient to another, and there are patients, who live longer after diagnosing prostate cancer. In addition, the survival rates are just estimates and the patient’s outlook will decide his life with prostate cancer. The survival rate data does not tell the real story as a man with the excessive willpower to fight against this disease can lead a longer life as compared to a patient, who is highly dejected and depressed about the disease. Like many other types of cancers, prostate cancer stages are also divided into stage I to IV. Your guess is right, patients diagnosed with I and II have better chances of cure as compared to the patients diagnosed with other two stages will have to fight for survival.

Prostate Cancer Treatment:

Now, after understanding the prostate cancer symptoms, it is better to understand about prostate cancer treatment. The fact is that there is no specific type of treatment suitable for every man with this health issue. The doctor will consider different factors when deciding the kind of treatment suitable for a patient. As there are four prostate cancer stages, the doctor will first identify the stage and the chances of the tumor to grow. In addition, the age of the patient and personal preferences of the patient will also be considered in the process of deciding the right treatment for this condition. There are different options starting from watchful waiting to surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, biologic therapy and bisphosphonate therapy in some of the top cancer hospitals in India. All it takes is the right diagnosis and the right treatment and the excessive support from family members; everything will help a patient to get through the tough times.