Skin cancer is the irregular growth of the cells in the skin. It grows frequently on skin that is exposed to sunlight. Basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma are the 3 major forms of skin cancer. Skin cancer grows largely on areas that are exposed to the sun always, including the face, scalp, ears, lips, chest, neck, hands, arms and women’s legs. However, it could also develop on areas that are rarely exposed to sunlight, like the palms, under the toenails or fingernails and the genital area. Skin cancer symptoms affect people with all types of skin tones, even people with dark complexions. Melanoma symptoms also appear in individuals with darker skin tones, particularly in areas that are not usually exposed to sunlight.
Skin Cancer Symptoms:
Signs and symptoms of Basal Cell Carcinoma:
Basal cell carcinoma normally appears in areas of the body that are exposed to the sun such as the face and neck. This type of skin cancer may occur as a pearly bump. It could also be flesh-colored and flat or a scar-like scratch that is brown in colour.
Symptoms and Signs of Squamous Cell Carcinoma:
Most frequently, squamous cell carcinoma appears on areas of the body that sun-exposed, like the ears, face and hands. Persons with darker complexions are most probable to develop this kind of cancer on areas that are not exposed frequently to sunlight. This form skin cancer could come out as a solid, red nodule. It may appear also as a smooth lesion having scaly, coated surface.
Melanoma Skin Cancer Symptoms:
Melanoma could grow anywhere in your body, if not in a normal skin, it could also grow in a mole that develops to be cancerous. Melanomas most frequently occur in the face or in the trunk or men affected with cancer. In women, it grows in the lower part of the legs. Melanoma symptoms may appear on the skin of both men and women that has not been exposed to sunlight. This skin cancer may affect people having darker complexions, and could appear on soles or palms, or under the toenails or fingernails.
Signs and symptoms may include:
- Big brownish mark having darker speckles
- Mole that transform in size, colour or feel or mole that bleeds
- Little lesion with uneven portions and border that appear white, red, blue-black or blue
- Dark lesions or cuts in your soles, palms, toe or fingertips, or in mucous membranes that are lining from your nose and mouth or anus and vagina.
Prevention of Skin Cancer: