Ques : 1 What is meant by Andropause?
Ans : Andropause or male menopause is a name that has been given to the menopause like conditions in aging men. This relates to the slow but steady reduction in the production of hormones testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone in middle aged men. The reduction in production of testosterone hormone is the result of the decrease in the Leydig Cells in the testicles.
Ques : 2 What is the difference between Andropause and menopause?
Ans : Unlike women, middle-aged men do not experience a complete and permanent physiological shutting down of reproductive system as a normal event. A steady decline in testosterone levels with age (in both men and women) is well Known.
Unlike “menopause”, the word “andropause” is not currently recognized by the World Health Organization and its ICD-10 medical classification. This is because “Andropause” is term of convenience describing the stage of life when symptoms in aging appear in men. While words are sometimes used interchangeably, hypogonadalism a deficiency state in which hormone testosterone goes below the normal range for even an aging male.
Ques : 3 What are the symptoms of Andropause?
Ans : Andropause is associated with loss of libido and potency, nervousness, depression, impaired memory, inability to concentrate, fatigue, insomnia, hot flushes, and sweating. Andropause has also been observed in association with Alzheimer’s disease and in some cases with Osteoporosis. While andropause does not cause a man’s reproductive system to stop working altogether, many experience bouts of impotence.
Ques : 4 What are the usual causes of Andropause?
Ans : Andropause is usually caused by a very gradual testosterone deficiency and an increase in sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) that occurs from age 35 onwards. By contrast, women have a sudden onset of menopause around age 51. Testosterone declines 10% every decade after the age 30 (1%per year). Premature andropause through workplace exposure to estrogen. Men who work in pharmaceutical industry, plastics factories, near incinerators, and on farms that use pesticides are high-risk for early andropause. About 30% of men in their 50’s experience andropause. The term “male menopause” may be a misnomer, as unlike women. Men’s reproductive systems does not cease to work completely in mid-life; some men continue to father children late into their lives (at age 90 or older). Andropause is a distinct condition which is the result of the biological changes experienced by men during-life, and it is often compared to female menopause, Although, menopause is a complete cessation of reproductive ability caused by shutting down of the female reproductive system but andropause is merely a decline in male hormone testosterone.
Ques : 5 Which important suggestions can be given for Andropause?
Ans : Some argue that many of cited symptoms are not specific enough to warrant describing a new condition. For example, people who are overweight can be misguided into treating a new illness rather than addressing the lifestyle that lead to their being overweight. Similarly, the energy levels vary from person to person, and for people who are generally inactive, the energy levels will automatically be lower overall.
Although there is disagreement over whether or not andropause is a condition to be “diagnosed” and “treated”, those who support that position have made several proposals to address andropause.
- The Hormone replacement therapy
- Use of selective receptor modulators
- Exercise, Dietary Changes and Stress Reduction
Many believe that andropause is not a valid concept, because men can continue to reproduce into old age. Their reproductive systems do not stop working completely, and therefore they do not exhibit the sudden and dramatic drops in hormone levels characteristic of women undergoing menopause. It must be noted that in some men before the age of 60 there is a complete loss of, erectile function, and orgasmic ability.