Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on blood-red-blood-corpuscles-or-r-b-c | HospitalKhoj
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BLOOD – Red Blood Corpuscles or R.B.C.

BLOOD – Red Blood Corpuscles or R.B.C.

Ques. 1 What is Blood?
Ans. Blood is an opaque, rather viscid fluid, of a bright red or scarlet colour when it flows from arteries, of a dark red or purple colour when it flows the veins. It is salty to taste and alkaline in reaction, the pH of arterial blood ranging from 7.39 to 7.44. Its specific gravity is 1.055 to 1.066 and its temperature is generally about 37C.
Blood may be defined as a specialized connective tissue in which there is liquid intercellular substance known as plasma & formed elements, the red blood cells, the white blood cells & the platelets suspended in the plasma.

It is the fluid which acts as common nutritive medium by conveying food materials and oxygen to all tissues of body. It receives waste products of metabolic activities of tissues and carries them away to excretory organs, such as lungs and kidneys, by which they are eliminated.

Ques. 2 What are the Chief functions of blood?
Ans. The Chief functions of blood are :-
i.

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CAUSES OF ABORTION DURING EARLY PREGNANCY
Drainage of waste products – It carries the waste products of cellular activity and brings them to the organ of excretion, viz. kidney, lungs, intestine etc.
ii. Maintenance of water balance – Blood maintains the normal water contents of the tissue.
iii. Maintenance of acid-base equilibrium – By its efficient buffering power and with the help of kindny, skin and lungs it helps to maintain a constant reaction of the body.
iv. Maintenance of ion belance between the cells and the surrounding fluid.
vAscorbic acid – 0.4 to 1 mg/100 ml. Ammonium – 40 to 80mg / 100 ml. Pyruvic acid (fasting) – 35 to 80 mo1 / 1.Sodium – 132 to 14 meq/ 1.
j) Triglyceride (fasting) – 40 to 140 mg /100 ml.
k) Urea – 15 to 40 mg/ 100 ml.
l) Uric acid – 2 to 7 mg / 100 ml.
m) Total protein – 6 to 8 gm/ 100 ml.
n) Albumin – 3 to 5 gm/ 100 ml.

Ques. 10 What are the functions of plasma proteins?
Ans. Functions of plasma proteins :
a) They act as buffer substances ; and (i) help to preserve the reaction of the blood ; and (ii) aid in the transport of CO2
b) A complex of albumin and globulin takes part in immune reaction and helps in the defence processes of the body.
c) It has proved that the plasma proteins have involved in the body general metabolic pool of amino-acide.
d) The plasma proteins serve as a store-house of proteins from which the tissue can draw during starvation or inadequate protein diet.
e) Protein regulates the sedimentation rate. If fibrinogen and globulin concentration is high, the sedimentation rate is increased. It has got clinical importance.
f) Plasma protein helps in the transport of a number of materials such as lipids, drugs & metals, many of which appear to travel in the blood associated with one or more specific proteins.
g) Fibrinogen and prothrombin are essential for coagulation of blood – Fibrinogen is converted into fibrin when blood is shed and thus help in clotting of blood.
h) They exert and osmotic pressure of about 25 mm. of Hg. It is due to this osmotic pressure that they – (i) retain fluid in the capillaries, and so help to maintain blood volume ; (ii) regulate interchanges between the blood and the tissue spaces ; and (iii) influence filtration of plasma in glomeruli of the kidney.
i) The leucocytes prepare substances from the plasma proteins, called trephines, which are necessary for the nourishment of tissue cells grown in culture.

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Comments

0 # Himmat 2017-10-15
Hello, plz tell me what are venereal diseases, can you plz suggest some good gynecologist in Hoshangabad ?
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0 # Dr. Naresh 2017-10-16
veneral diseases are those which can be spread through sexual contact, The spreading agents can bacteria ,viruses etc, The examples are syphilis and gonorrhoea can be can spread by sexual contact, you can also find list of Gynecologist in Hoshangabad.
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0 # Priyansh 2017-10-05
Hello, plz let me know What is menarche, I want to consult with gynec in Betul, plz suggest ?
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0 # Dr. Pooja 2017-10-06
the process of starting of the menstrual cycle in females is called menarche, plz find good Gynecologist in Betul.
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0 # Priyansh Older than three months
Hii, I am from Tirunelveli, can you plz tell me What is the mode of infection in syphilis ?
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0 # Dr. Pooja Older than three months
90 percent cases in syphilis are transmitted through unsafe sexual contacts, Mothers can also pass infection through breast milk, you can also consult with good Gynecologist in Tirunelveli .
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0 # Lakshay Older than three months
Hello, plz let me know Can gonorrhoea be transmitted to small children, should I consult with good maternity doctor in Malkangiri
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0 # Dr. Pooja Older than three months
yes,this can be transmitted by infected mothers to children, In this case it is called as ophthalmia neonatorum, find list of good doctor-.Obstetrician in Malkangiri
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0 # Vivaan Older than three months
Hello, plz tell me what are venereal diseases, can you plz suggest some good gynecologist in Khurda ?
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0 # Dr. Naresh Older than three months
veneral diseases are those which can be spread through sexual contact, The spreading agents can bacteria ,viruses etc, The examples are syphilis and gonorrhoea can be can spread by sexual contact, you can also find list of Gynecologist in Khurda.
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0 # Aarav Older than three months
Hello, I am from Jalna, PLz suggest some biochemic remedies for gonorrhoea .
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0 # Dr. Pooja Older than three months
Kali Mur, Natrum Mur, Natrum Sulph, and silicea are few important biochemic emedies in homoeopathy which can be used safely in this case, you can also take advise from gynecologist given here-Gynecologist in Jalna.
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0 # Tushar Older than three months
Hello, plz tell me what are venereal diseases, can you plz suggest some good gynecologist in Abhipur ?
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0 # Dr. Pooja Older than three months
veneral diseases are those which can be spread through sexual contact, The spreading agents can bacteria ,viruses etc, The examples are syphilis and gonorrhoea can be can spread by sexual contact, you can also find list of Gynecologist in Abhipur.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # Vivaan Older than three months
Hii, can you plz tell me,What changes can occur in skin in syphilis patient, also suggest good obstertrician in Tiruvallur ?
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0 # Dr. Pooja Older than three months
Rashes can occur on the skin in the near areas,rashes can be discrete and also symmetrical in nature, Rashes can also be pustular, you can consult with Obstetrician in Tiruvallur.
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0 # Neha Older than three months
Hii can you plz tell me, Which fluids can cause or spread syphilis infection, alos give me the list of good gynec in Sirohi?
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0 # Dr. Pooja Older than three months
Infection from semen, blood or lactation milk can occur and cause syphilis, Infection from blood syringes is very common, Infected mothers can transmit it through their milk also, consult with good Gynecologist in Sirohi .
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0 # Arpita Older than three months
Hello, plz let me know What is menarche, I want to consult with gynec in Adilabad, plz suggest ?
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0 # Dr. Pooja Older than three months
the process of starting of the menstrual cycle in females is called menarche, plz find good Gynecologist in Adilabad.
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