Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on carcinoma-of-breast | HospitalKhoj

CARCINOMA OF BREAST

CARCINOMA OF BREAST

Ques. 1  What is meant by carcinoma of Breast ?

Ans. Carcinoma of breast is the most common lethal cancer of women. The exact cause is unknown, though it seems likely than an abnormal reaction to hormones, principally estrogens, plays a role in genesis of breast cancer. However it. Is not possible by hormone tests to identify women who may be susceptible on this basis.

  1. The spread of breast cancer is principally by metastasis to the regional lymph nodes. Haematogenous spread of mammary carcinoma is common – Dissemination to the pelvis, spine, femur, humerus, skull, liver or lungs is frequent. Breast cancer is also manifested clinically as a firm of hard, nontender, fixed mass of lump with ill-defined margins.
  2. A familial predisposition to breast cancer is recognised and cancer tends to occur at an early age in such families.

Ques. 2 What are the types of Breast carcinoma?

Ans.  Principally 4 varieties of breast cancer –

  • Adenocarcinoma – This cancer is soft and voluminous.
  • Intraductal carcinoma- It grows along and within lactiferous ducts (2 types- Intraductal papillary carcinoma and intra-ductal comedocarcinoma).
  • Scirrhous carcinoma- This is a hard, irregular, unencapsulated adherent nodule whose cut surface is grayish and translucent.
  • Medullary carcinoma – This is a soft bulky tumor with a propensity to ulcerate and form a fungating surface ulceration.

Ques.

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3 What are the clinical findings of this disease?

Ans.  CLINICAL FINDINGS –

  • Examination of the breast should be methodical, meticulous, and delicate; initially, careful inspection and palpation should be done.
  • X-Ray Findings : Mammography – Great helpful in the diagnosis of breast cancer.
  • Biopsy – Breast biopsy is indicated in cases of persistent breast mass, bloody nipple discharge, eczematous nipple changes and suspicious or positive mammography.
  • A painless lump is the initial finding in the great majority of cases of breast cancer.
  • Nipple discharge or ulceration, itching, retraction, or pain is occasionally reported.
  • Ques. 4 Can we prevent Breast carcinoma?

    Ans. Prevention – Because the cause is unknown and probably multiple, prevention is not possible. Death can be postponed and serious complications partially and completely avoided by early diagnosis and prompt therapy.

    Ques. 5 How can the breast carcinoma case be managed?

    Ans.   MANAGEMENT –

  • Radiation therapy.
  • Surgical – (i) Simple mastectomy. (ii) Standard radical mastectomy (iii) Modified radical mastectomy
  • Prognosis -  Evidence is mounting that breast cancer is systemic as well as a neoplastic disease and that prognosis is therefore closely related to cell-mediated immune defenses against the tumor.

    Ques. 6 Which Homoeopathic medicines can be useful in this case?

    Ans.  Homoeopathic remedies –

    • GRAPHITES – If developed from old cicatrices formed from repeated abscesses in the mammae.
    • KREOSOTE – The whole mammary gland is hard, bluish-red and covered with little scurfy protuberances, from which blood oozes out whenever the scurf is removed.
    • LACHESIS – The cancer has a bluish or dark red base, interspersed with black streaks of coagulated or decomposed blood.
    • APIS MELL – Induration; scirrhous, or open cancers, attended with ‘stinging burning’ pains.
    • ARSENIC ALB – Burning like fire. Putrid exhalationsThe exact cause is unknown, though it seems likely than an abnormal reaction to hormones, principally estrogens, plays a role in genesis of breast cancer. However it. Is not possible by hormone tests to identify women who may be susceptible on this basis.

      Ques. 3 What are the clinical findings of this disease?

    • ARSENIC ALB – Burning like fire. Putrid exhalations. Waxy paleness, great debility from the cancerous affection. Great loss of flesh.
    .
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    Comments

    0 # Himmat 2018-05-11
    Hii can you plz tell me, Which fluids can cause or spread syphilis infection, alos give me the list of good gynec in Trivandrum?
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    0 # Dr. Pooja 2018-05-12
    Infection from semen, blood or lactation milk can occur and cause syphilis, Infection from blood syringes is very common, Infected mothers can transmit it through their milk also, consult with good Gynecologist in Trivandrum .
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    0 # Jayesh 2018-04-27
    Can gonorrhoea be caused by the infected towels, also provide the list of good gynecologist in Fatehgarh Sahib?
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    0 # Dr. Naresh 2018-04-28
    Gonorrhoea can be transmitted by the infected towels, handkerchiefs of the infected person, But most cases are due to sexual contacts, find here list of good Gynecologist in Fatehgarh Sahib.
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    0 # Harikiran 2018-03-16
    Hello, plz let me know Can gonorrhoea be transmitted to small children, should I consult with good maternity doctor in North Tripura
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    0 # Dr. Pooja 2018-03-17
    yes,this can be transmitted by infected mothers to children, In this case it is called as ophthalmia neonatorum, find list of good doctor-.Obstetrician in North Tripura
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    0 # Aarush 2018-03-16
    Hi, plz let me know What is the incubation period of Syphilis, also give me the list of good female's specialist in Begusarai ?
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    0 # Dr. Naresh 2018-03-17
    Hii, The incubation period can be 10 to 90 days, plz find list of Gynecologist in Begusarai
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    0 # Aarav 2018-03-09
    Hello I am from Darjeeling, My neighbour has been feeling redness and burning in urethral organs, can it be a disease, should she visit gynec?
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    0 # Dr. Naresh 2018-03-10
    It can be a simple infection also and a disease also, If after the examination, the presence of gram negative bacteria is seen ,gonorrhoea infection can be thought of, she should visit good women's specialist- find list of Gynecologist in Darjeeling
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    0 # Nishith Older than three months
    Hello, I am from , PLz suggest some biochemic remedies for gonorrhoea .
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    0 # Dr. Naresh Older than three months
    Kali Mur, Natrum Mur, Natrum Sulph, and silicea are few important biochemic emedies in homoeopathy which can be used safely in this case, you can also take advise from gynecologist given here-Gynecologist in .
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    0 # Aarush Older than three months
    My friend has been diagnosed with gonorrhoea, Please tell which tests will be advisable, also suggest gynec in Bargarh ?
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    0 # Dr. Pooja Older than three months
    VDRL tests should be done every month for 3 consecutive months for detecting syphilis as well as other sexually transmitted diseases,These tests should be conducted at proper times, find good Gynecologist in Bargarh
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    0 # Aarush Older than three months
    Hello, plz let me know What is menarche, I want to consult with gynec in Gumla, plz suggest ?
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    0 # Dr. Pooja Older than three months
    the process of starting of the menstrual cycle in females is called menarche, plz find good Gynecologist in Gumla.
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    0 # Nishith Older than three months
    Hello, plz let me know What is menarche, I want to consult with gynec in Koraput, plz suggest ?
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    0 # Dr. Naresh Older than three months
    the process of starting of the menstrual cycle in females is called menarche, plz find good Gynecologist in Koraput.
    Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
    0 # Aarav Older than three months
    Hii, I am from Anantapur, can you plz tell me What is the mode of infection in syphilis ?
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    0 # Dr. Pooja Older than three months
    90 percent cases in syphilis are transmitted through unsafe sexual contacts, Mothers can also pass infection through breast milk, you can also consult with good Gynecologist in Anantapur .
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