Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on carcinoma-of-breast | HospitalKhoj

CARCINOMA OF BREAST

CARCINOMA OF BREAST

Ques. 1  What is meant by carcinoma of Breast ?

Ans. Carcinoma of breast is the most common lethal cancer of women. The exact cause is unknown, though it seems likely than an abnormal reaction to hormones, principally estrogens, plays a role in genesis of breast cancer. However it. Is not possible by hormone tests to identify women who may be susceptible on this basis.

  1. The spread of breast cancer is principally by metastasis to the regional lymph nodes. Haematogenous spread of mammary carcinoma is common – Dissemination to the pelvis, spine, femur, humerus, skull, liver or lungs is frequent. Breast cancer is also manifested clinically as a firm of hard, nontender, fixed mass of lump with ill-defined margins.
  2. A familial predisposition to breast cancer is recognised and cancer tends to occur at an early age in such families.

Ques. 2 What are the types of Breast carcinoma?

Ans.  Principally 4 varieties of breast cancer –

  • Adenocarcinoma – This cancer is soft and voluminous.
  • Intraductal carcinoma- It grows along and within lactiferous ducts (2 types- Intraductal papillary carcinoma and intra-ductal comedocarcinoma).
  • Scirrhous carcinoma- This is a hard, irregular, unencapsulated adherent nodule whose cut surface is grayish and translucent.
  • Medullary carcinoma – This is a soft bulky tumor with a propensity to ulcerate and form a fungating surface ulceration.

Ques.

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3 What are the clinical findings of this disease?

Ans.  CLINICAL FINDINGS –

  • Examination of the breast should be methodical, meticulous, and delicate; initially, careful inspection and palpation should be done.
  • X-Ray Findings : Mammography – Great helpful in the diagnosis of breast cancer.
  • Biopsy – Breast biopsy is indicated in cases of persistent breast mass, bloody nipple discharge, eczematous nipple changes and suspicious or positive mammography.
  • A painless lump is the initial finding in the great majority of cases of breast cancer.
  • Nipple discharge or ulceration, itching, retraction, or pain is occasionally reported.
  • Ques. 4 Can we prevent Breast carcinoma?

    Ans. Prevention – Because the cause is unknown and probably multiple, prevention is not possible. Death can be postponed and serious complications partially and completely avoided by early diagnosis and prompt therapy.

    Ques. 5 How can the breast carcinoma case be managed?

    Ans.   MANAGEMENT –

  • Radiation therapy.
  • Surgical – (i) Simple mastectomy. (ii) Standard radical mastectomy (iii) Modified radical mastectomy
  • Prognosis -  Evidence is mounting that breast cancer is systemic as well as a neoplastic disease and that prognosis is therefore closely related to cell-mediated immune defenses against the tumor.

    Ques. 6 Which Homoeopathic medicines can be useful in this case?

    Ans.  Homoeopathic remedies –

    • GRAPHITES – If developed from old cicatrices formed from repeated abscesses in the mammae.
    • KREOSOTE – The whole mammary gland is hard, bluish-red and covered with little scurfy protuberances, from which blood oozes out whenever the scurf is removed.
    • LACHESIS – The cancer has a bluish or dark red base, interspersed with black streaks of coagulated or decomposed blood.
    • APIS MELL – Induration; scirrhous, or open cancers, attended with ‘stinging burning’ pains.
    • ARSENIC ALB – Burning like fire. Putrid exhalationsThe exact cause is unknown, though it seems likely than an abnormal reaction to hormones, principally estrogens, plays a role in genesis of breast cancer. However it. Is not possible by hormone tests to identify women who may be susceptible on this basis.

      Ques. 3 What are the clinical findings of this disease?

    • ARSENIC ALB – Burning like fire. Putrid exhalations. Waxy paleness, great debility from the cancerous affection. Great loss of flesh.
    .
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    Comments

    0 # Nishith 2018-02-09
    Hello, I am from , PLz suggest some biochemic remedies for gonorrhoea .
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    0 # Dr. Naresh 2018-02-10
    Kali Mur, Natrum Mur, Natrum Sulph, and silicea are few important biochemic emedies in homoeopathy which can be used safely in this case, you can also take advise from gynecologist given here-Gynecologist in .
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    0 # Aarush 2018-02-09
    My friend has been diagnosed with gonorrhoea, Please tell which tests will be advisable, also suggest gynec in Bargarh ?
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    0 # Dr. Pooja 2018-02-10
    VDRL tests should be done every month for 3 consecutive months for detecting syphilis as well as other sexually transmitted diseases,These tests should be conducted at proper times, find good Gynecologist in Bargarh
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    0 # Aarush 2018-02-05
    Hello, plz let me know What is menarche, I want to consult with gynec in Gumla, plz suggest ?
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    0 # Dr. Pooja 2018-02-06
    the process of starting of the menstrual cycle in females is called menarche, plz find good Gynecologist in Gumla.
    Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
    0 # Nishith 2018-01-26
    Hello, plz let me know What is menarche, I want to consult with gynec in Koraput, plz suggest ?
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    0 # Dr. Naresh 2018-01-27
    the process of starting of the menstrual cycle in females is called menarche, plz find good Gynecologist in Koraput.
    Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
    0 # Aarav 2018-01-19
    Hii, I am from Anantapur, can you plz tell me What is the mode of infection in syphilis ?
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    0 # Dr. Pooja 2018-01-20
    90 percent cases in syphilis are transmitted through unsafe sexual contacts, Mothers can also pass infection through breast milk, you can also consult with good Gynecologist in Anantapur .
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    0 # Jayesh 2018-01-05
    Hello, plz tell me what are venereal diseases, can you plz suggest some good gynecologist in Hyderabad ?
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    0 # Dr. Pooja 2018-01-06
    veneral diseases are those which can be spread through sexual contact, The spreading agents can bacteria ,viruses etc, The examples are syphilis and gonorrhoea can be can spread by sexual contact, you can also find list of Gynecologist in Hyderabad.
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    0 # Priyansh 2017-12-08
    Hii, I am from Tiruvallur, can you plz tell me What is the mode of infection in syphilis ?
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    0 # Dr. Naresh 2017-12-09
    90 percent cases in syphilis are transmitted through unsafe sexual contacts, Mothers can also pass infection through breast milk, you can also consult with good Gynecologist in Tiruvallur .
    Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
    0 # Tushar 2017-12-01
    Hii, can you plz tell me,What changes can occur in skin in syphilis patient, also suggest good obstertrician in Goalpara ?
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    0 # Dr. Naresh 2017-12-02
    Rashes can occur on the skin in the near areas,rashes can be discrete and also symmetrical in nature, Rashes can also be pustular, you can consult with Obstetrician in Goalpara.
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    0 # Rohan Older than three months
    Hii can you plz tell me, Which fluids can cause or spread syphilis infection, alos give me the list of good gynec in Ri Bhoi?
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    0 # Dr. Pooja Older than three months
    Infection from semen, blood or lactation milk can occur and cause syphilis, Infection from blood syringes is very common, Infected mothers can transmit it through their milk also, consult with good Gynecologist in Ri Bhoi .
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    0 # Rohan Older than three months
    Hii, I am from Jalgaon, Please tell that can moisture be responsible for infections ?
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    0 # Dr. Naresh Older than three months
    Hello, good to see that you are from Jalgaon, yes,that is why u must keep your genital organs clean and dry because moisture can favour infections.
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