Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on cases-of-pregnancy | HospitalKhoj

Cases of Pregnancy

Cases of Pregnancy

Ques. 1 How can pregnancy be diagnosed?

Ans.           Pregnancy is the condition of having a developing embryo of foetus in the body, after union of an ovum and spermatozoon.

The diagnosis of early pregnancy can usually be established with reasonable certainty by careful history and examination even as early as two weeks after first missed period. Difficulty in diagnosis may arise where the date is incorrect, the patient is unduly obese or difficult to examine or when pregnancy is not developing normally.

Ques. 2 Which are the important immunological and Biological tests for pregnancy?

Ans.           The important immunologic and Biological tests for pregnancy -

Immunologic tests for pregnancy

S.No.

Method

Materials

Results

(1)

Directcoagulation

Later particles coated with anti- HCG = (Serum of urine)

Coagulation if HCG is present (pregnant).

 

(2)

Inhibition of coagulation

Anti-HCG + Serum of urine +

(Sensitized red cells or Latex

Particles coated with HCG.)

Coagulation if HCG is absent (not pregnant)

Inhibition if HCG is present (pregnant).

 

 

Biological tests for pregnancy

S.No.

Name

Test animal

End point

Time of test

(1)

Ascheim Zondak

Mice

Corpus lutcum

5 days

(2)

Friedman

Rabbit

Corpus luteum

2 days

(3)

Ovarian hyperemia (beck)

Rat

Hyperemia

12-18 hours

(4)

Frog test (Hogben)

Female

Extrusion of eggs

24 hors

(5)

Toad test (Galli Mainini)

Male

Extrusion of sperm

2 – 5 hours

 

Pregnancy Causes both obvious and subtle changes which involve many organs, systems but are most pronounced in generative system. Because these subjective and objective alterations vary so widely, diagnostic criteria of pregnancy are classified as –

(a) probable, and (b) positive. (c) Presumptive,

Ques. 3 What are the presumptive signs of pregnancy?

Ans.

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CAUSES OF ABORTION DURING EARLY PREGNANCY
Bad taste in mouth every morning on waking. No kind of food tastes good. Diarrhoea, mostly at night. Mild, teaful disposition.
  • Berberis – She dreads all downward motions. Bitter taste of everything, even of the saliva, distension with flatulence after every meal.
  • Colchicum – Loathing and disgust is esp. repugnant. All attempts to eat cause violent nausea and vomiting.
  • Ipecac – Nausea and vomiting, with great uneasiness in the stomach. Continual nausea all time, not a moment’s relief. Vomiting large quantities of mucous. Bilious vomiting and tendency to relaxation of bowels.
  • Antim Crud – Eructation tasting of ingesta. Nausea, with vertigo. Frightful and persistent vomiting, with convulsion; after overloading stomach.
  • Sepia – Nausea in morning as if all the viscera were turning inside out. Sensation of emptiness in stomach. The thought of food sickness her. Painful feeling of hunger.
  • Ques. 12 Which are the Biochemic remedies for pregnancy?

    Ans.           Biochemic Remedies –

    1. Natrum Phos – Morning sickness, with vomiting of sour, acid fluids.
    2. Natrum Sulph : Vomiting in pregnancy of bilious matter, and with bitter taste in the mouth.
    3. Natrum Mur – Morning sickness of pregnancy, with watery, frothy vomiting.
    .

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    Comments   

    0 # Vivaan 2017-06-01
    Hi, plz let me know What is the incubation period of Syphilis, also give me the list of good female's specialist in Vaishali ?
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    0 # Dr. Pooja 2017-06-02
    Hii, The incubation period can be 10 to 90 days, plz find list of Gynecologist in Vaishali
    Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
    0 # Himmat 2017-05-17
    Hii, I am from Jaipur, I want to know can cigerrete sharing can lead to syphilis ?
    Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
    0 # Dr. Naresh 2017-05-18
    yes,sharing cigerette,drinking cups,common spoons etc can also lead to syphilis, Generally whenever the fluid of a person who has syphilis is shared,the infection can occur, you should also consult with good Gynecologist in Jaipur
    Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
    0 # Tushar 2017-05-16
    Hello I am from Kanchipuram, My neighbour has been feeling redness and burning in urethral organs, can it be a disease, should she visit gynec?
    Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
    0 # Dr. Naresh 2017-05-17
    It can be a simple infection also and a disease also, If after the examination, the presence of gram negative bacteria is seen ,gonorrhoea infection can be thought of, she should visit good women's specialist- find list of Gynecologist in Kanchipuram
    Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
    0 # Priyansh 2017-04-13
    Hii, I am from Dindori, plz let me know What is gonorrhoea ?
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    0 # Dr. Naresh 2017-04-14
    Hello, Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the Neisseria gonorrhoea,This disease is caused in the genitourinary tracts, for more details plz visit good gynec in Dindori, find list of Gynecologist in Dindori
    Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
    0 # Aayush Older than three months
    Hii, I am from Purulia, plz let me know What is gonorrhoea ?
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    0 # Dr. Naresh 2017-03-25
    Hello, Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the Neisseria gonorrhoea,This disease is caused in the genitourinary tracts, for more details plz visit good gynec in Purulia, find list of Gynecologist in Purulia
    Reply | Reply with quote | Quote

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