Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on coma | HospitalKhoj

COMA

COMA

Ques. 1     What is Coma?

Ans.          It is a state of profound unconsciousness from which the patient cannot be aroused, even by powerful stimuli.

Ques. 2     What are the causes of Coma?

Ans.          Causes :

  1. Eclampsia,
  2. Renal failure,
  3. Heat hyperpyrexia,
  4. Hypopituitary and hypothyroid coma,
  5. Pulmonary embolism and carbon-oxide narcosis,
  6. Alcohol or opium or barbiturates poisoning.
  7. Coronary thrombosis and stokes Adams syndrome,
  8. Head injury (concussion), C.V.A., Meningitis, encephalitis, cerebral tumour, epilepsy etc.
  9. Diabetic coma,
  10. Hypoglycaemic coma,
  11. Hepatic coma

Ques. 3     What are the clinical features of Coma?

Ans.          Clinical Features :

  • Absolute flaccidity of the hand and feets.
  • Asymmetry of the mouth and lower face which puffs in and out with respiration.
  • Unable to swallow fluids.
  • Pupils are insensitive to light.

Ques. 4     What are the investigations of Coma?

Ans.          Investigations:

  • General examinations for all the systems, viz. Nervous system, C.V. systems, Respiratory system, Alimentary system, ophthalmoscopic examination etc.
  • Laboratory test – (i) blood-T.C., D.C., blood culture, sugar, urea, serum bilirubin S.G.O.T. & S.G.P.T., W.R.
    You must also Read:
    FAQs on Ayurveda
    FAQs on Root Canal Therapy
    CAUSES OF ABORTION DURING EARLY PREGNANCY

  • Laboratory test – (i) blood-T.C., D.C., blood culture, sugar, urea, serum bilirubin S.G.O.T. & S.G.P.T., W.R. for syphilis. (ii) Urine – albumin, sugar, acetone, casts. (iii) C.S.F. – cytological, bacteriological, serological etc.
  • Full history of the case (from relatives).
  • Treatment :

  • Oxygen inhalation if dyspnoca is present.
  • In case of hyperpyrexia ice sponging should be applied.
  • Treatment of underlying cause.
  • In case of low B.P. foot end of the bed should be raised.
  • Maintain nutrition if there is no contra-indication by glucose, horlicks, fruits juice etc.
  • The patient should be kept in a calm and quiet room, in a railed cot.
  • Change the posture from time to time.
  • Homoeopathic remedies.
  • (1) CAMPHOR – After injuries or shock the whole surface of body cold and clammy; face pale and bluish, unconsciousness.

    (2) OPIUM – Breathing rapid, stertorous ; tubular at long intervals ; eyes fixed unequally; face pale or livid ; injuries of brain, shock and concussion, unconsciousness.

    .
    Below Articles may be helpful to you:
    FAQs on DIARRHEA
    FAQs on ASTHMA
    FAQs on HEPATITIS

    Ask our Counsellors


    Comments

    0 # Vaibhav 2018-04-18
    Hello, plz let me know What is menarche, I want to consult with gynec in East Nimar, plz suggest ?
    Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
    0 # Dr. Naresh 2018-04-19
    the process of starting of the menstrual cycle in females is called menarche, plz find good Gynecologist in East Nimar.
    Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
    0 # Vaibhav 2018-03-02
    Hii, I am from Erode, I want to know can cigerrete sharing can lead to syphilis ?
    Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
    0 # Dr. Naresh 2018-03-03
    yes,sharing cigerette,drinking cups,common spoons etc can also lead to syphilis, Generally whenever the fluid of a person who has syphilis is shared,the infection can occur, you should also consult with good Gynecologist in Erode
    Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
    0 # Priyansh Older than three months
    Hii, I am from Jaintia Hills, can you plz tell me What is the mode of infection in syphilis ?
    Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
    0 # Dr. Pooja Older than three months
    90 percent cases in syphilis are transmitted through unsafe sexual contacts, Mothers can also pass infection through breast milk, you can also consult with good Gynecologist in Jaintia Hills .
    Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
    0 # Jayesh Older than three months
    Hello, plz let me know What is menarche, I want to consult with gynec in Baroda, plz suggest ?
    Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
    0 # Dr. Naresh Older than three months
    the process of starting of the menstrual cycle in females is called menarche, plz find good Gynecologist in Baroda.
    Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
    0 # Lakshay Older than three months
    Hii can you plz tell me, Which fluids can cause or spread syphilis infection, alos give me the list of good gynec in South Sikkim?
    Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
    0 # Dr. Naresh Older than three months
    Infection from semen, blood or lactation milk can occur and cause syphilis, Infection from blood syringes is very common, Infected mothers can transmit it through their milk also, consult with good Gynecologist in South Sikkim .
    Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
    0 # Himmat Older than three months
    Hii, I am from Chamarajanagar, can you plz tell me What is the mode of infection in syphilis ?
    Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
    0 # Dr. Naresh Older than three months
    90 percent cases in syphilis are transmitted through unsafe sexual contacts, Mothers can also pass infection through breast milk, you can also consult with good Gynecologist in Chamarajanagar .
    Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
    0 # Priyansh Older than three months
    Hii, plz tell me,Which tests can confirm syphilis in primary stage, also suggest name of good maternity hospitals in Patna ?
    Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
    0 # Dr. Pooja Older than three months
    During the primary stage,DG illumination tests are very helpful, find good maternity hospitals-Abhineet Nursing Home and Research centre.
    Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
    0 # Rohan Older than three months
    Hii, can you plz tell me,What changes can occur in skin in syphilis patient, also suggest good obstertrician in Sikar ?
    Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
    0 # Dr. Pooja Older than three months
    Rashes can occur on the skin in the near areas,rashes can be discrete and also symmetrical in nature, Rashes can also be pustular, you can consult with Obstetrician in Sikar.
    Reply | Reply with quote | Quote