Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on dengue-fever-breakbone-fever | HospitalKhoj

DENGUE FEVER (Breakbone Fever)

DENGUE FEVER (Breakbone Fever)

Ques : 1    What is Dengue fever?

Ans :         It is an acute (viral infective fever starting in epidemics characterised by fever with severe bodily pain. Slow pulse, leucopenia, lymphadenitis and often a skin eruption.

Ques : 2    How is Dengue fever caused? 

Ans :         Caused by Virus. Transmitted to man by female mosquito Aedes Aegypti. Incubation period usually 5-10 days.

Ques : 3    What are the symptoms and of signs Dengue fever?

Ans :         Symptoms –

  1. Nausea, vomiting, anorexia, constipation, prostration, insomnia and depression.
  2. Painful movement of eyes, photophobia, conjunctival injection and lachrymation.
  • Alteration of taste and smell.
  • Severe frontal headache, pain behind eye-balls and intense generalized aches.
  • Severe pain in the long bones.
  • High fever with chill. Rigor and sweating with delirium.
  • Onset is acute.
  • Sign –

  • Pulse shows relative bradycardia.
  • After the temperature has fallen, depression and prostration often persist.
  • Generalised lymphadenopathy may be present.
  • An afebrile interval lasting 24-28 hrs (3rd day), all symtoms subside temporarily, followed by recurrence of symptoms (4th or 5th day) with saddle back fever and a rash may appear on the dorsum of hands and feet and spreads up the arms and thight to the truck.
  • Raised temperature.
  • Ques : 4    What is the course, complication and investigation related to Dengue fever?

    And :         Course : Usually 6 to 10 days.

    Complications : (a) Bronchopneumonia.  (b) Herpes labialis. (c) Rarely jaundice. (d) Otitis media. (e) Hemorrhages – under skin or mucous membrane.

    Investigations : (a) Complement fixation test may be positive.

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    (b) Leukopenia with toxic granulation of polymorphs. (c) Oliguria and albumiuria.

    Differential Diagnosis : (a) Rheumatic fever. (b) Sub-tertian malaria. (c) Enteric fever. (d) Secondary syphilis. (e) Influenza. (f) Measles.

     

    Ques : 5    Describe the prognosis of Dengue fever?

    Ans :         Prognosis : In a uncomplicated case the prognosis is good. In case of severe epidemics, the prognosis may be unfavourable. Because of the advanced age and diseases of the brain, heart and kidneys.

    Ques : 6    What is the treatment of dengue fever?

    Ans :         Treatment :

  • Symptomatic treatment.
  • Control the breeding of mosquito.
  • Pain is relieved by rest in bed and sodium salicylate (10 gr.) or acetylsaicylRigor and sweating with delirium.
  • Investigations : (a) Complement fixation test may be positive. (b) Leukopenia with toxic granulation of polymorphs. (c) Oliguria and albumiuria.

  • Pain is relieved by rest in bed and sodium salicylate (10 gr.) or acetylsaicyl. Acid (5 gr.) 3 or 4 times daily.
  • During convalescence, Vit. B Complex and Vit. C orally and a charge of air are indicated.
  • Homoeopathic & Biochemic remedies (as indicated in fever.)
  • Ques : 7    Which Homoeopathic medicines work as preventive for the treatment of dengue fever?

    Ans :         Eupatorium and Rhus Tox are the preventive medicines.

    .
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    Comments

    0 # Vaibhav 2017-10-30
    Hii, I am from Tirunelveli, can you plz tell me What is the mode of infection in syphilis ?
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    0 # Dr. Pooja 2017-10-31
    90 percent cases in syphilis are transmitted through unsafe sexual contacts, Mothers can also pass infection through breast milk, you can also consult with good Gynecologist in Tirunelveli .
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    0 # Himmat 2017-10-28
    Hii can you plz tell me, Which fluids can cause or spread syphilis infection, alos give me the list of good gynec in East Siang?
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    0 # Dr. Naresh 2017-10-29
    Infection from semen, blood or lactation milk can occur and cause syphilis, Infection from blood syringes is very common, Infected mothers can transmit it through their milk also, consult with good Gynecologist in East Siang .
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    0 # Nishith 2017-10-13
    Hii, can you plz tell me,What changes can occur in skin in syphilis patient, also suggest good obstertrician in Dibrugarh ?
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    0 # Dr. Pooja 2017-10-14
    Rashes can occur on the skin in the near areas,rashes can be discrete and also symmetrical in nature, Rashes can also be pustular, you can consult with Obstetrician in Dibrugarh.
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    0 # Aarav Older than three months
    Hello, I am from Karur, PLz suggest some biochemic remedies for gonorrhoea .
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    0 # Dr. Naresh Older than three months
    Kali Mur, Natrum Mur, Natrum Sulph, and silicea are few important biochemic emedies in homoeopathy which can be used safely in this case, you can also take advise from gynecologist given here-Gynecologist in Karur.
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