Dengue: Prevention Is Better Than Cure

Dengue: Prevention Is Better Than Cure

The dengue fever crises continues to shake the capital city of the country with a six year old boy and a lady losing their lives to the vector borne disease, thereby raised the number to 11 and now at the time of writing this post, it has reached to 14 with the death of a 7-year old boy. Now, the fear of this fever is rattling the citizens of Delhi. At this juncture, the Delhi Government has recommended people to take some preventive actions to stay protected from this disease.

What is Dengue fever?

As most of us know, it is a mosquito-borne disease. But, as most of us think it is not a disease that occurs due to the bite of any mosquito. It actually affects an individual, when the mosquito that is infected with one of the four closely related dengue viruses bites him/her. When the dengue fever becomes severe, it is known as dengue hemorrhagic fever. It can lead to issues like heavy bleeding, pain in stomach, vomiting, sudden heavy drop in blood pressure and even it is life-threatening as well. 

Symptoms:

Once a person is bitten by an infected mosquito, it will general take around 3-14 days for the symptoms to show up. Some of the dengue symptoms include:

• Nausea and vomiting

• Rashes in skin

• Severe pain in joints and muscles

• High fever

• Pain behind the eyes

• Nose bleeds

• Bleeding in gums

When these dengue symptoms are experienced, it is better to seek medical help immediately without any delay.

What are the risk factors to look for?

• It is recommended to keep away or be cautious in areas that are known to have dengue outbreaks, particularly if no mosquito control measures are taken by the local municipality

• Once a person is affected with dengue virus, the second infection can be highly severe. So, once an individual is affected, he/she will be at higher risk.

Tests and diagnosis:

Dengue fever can be diagnosed with the help of blood test.

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But, diagnosis should be carefully done as the symptoms of this fever are similar to that of the symptoms of other fevers like typhoid and malaria. When seeking medical help, it is better to inform the doctor about any trips to dengue prone areas or contact with mosquito, so that treatment can be immediately started until the doctor will have to wait for the test reports to come, so that the spreading of the virus can be kept under control as immediately as possible.

How about treatment?

When talking about dengue fever treatment, there is actually no vaccine. But, the doctor will prescribe pain relievers to relieve body pain. However, it is better not to take medicines like aspirin on own as they can worsen the bleeding, if an individual is affected with this virus. If the fever is high and the symptoms are severe, the doctor might recommend stay in hospital for electrolyte replacement and for intravenous fluids. Even, monitoring blood pressure and a blood transfusion might be needed to replace blood loss. 

In the case of patients with severe symptoms, plasma and platelet transfusion will become important and reports state that most Dengue Delhi loses is due to inadequate supplies from blood banks, which is actually a poor thing. 

Blood donation can help:

Healthy people are recommended to donate blood in reliable blood banks, where the blood will be stored separately as plasma, platelets and red blood cells. So, a single blood donation can save up to three lives. As the human body can easily reproduce the volume withdrawn, blood donation is highly recommended. 

Prevention is better than cure:

As there are no specific vaccines to stay against the dengue mosquito, it is better to keep the environment clean to prevent mosquito growth and this disease. Here is the list of preventive measures to take against the disease:

• It is better to keep away from dengue prone areasWhen the dengue fever becomes severe, it is known as dengue hemorrhagic fever. It can lead to issues like heavy bleeding, pain in stomach, vomiting, sudden heavy drop in blood pressure and even it is life-threatening as well. 

Dengue fever can be diagnosed with the help of blood test. But, diagnosis should be carefully done as the symptoms of this fever are similar to that of the symptoms of other fevers like typhoid and malaria. When seeking medical help, it is better to inform the doctor about any trips to dengue prone areas or contact with mosquito, so that treatment can be immediately started until the doctor will have to wait for the test reports to come, so that the spreading of the virus can be kept under control as immediately as possible.

• It is better to keep away from dengue prone areas. As dengue in Delhi is on the news, it is better to avoid areas in which people are already affected.

• Mosquito repellents should be used in houses

• When traveling outside, it is better to cover the body completely to prevent mosquito bites.

• The dengue mosquito generally bites during day times and so high care should be taken

• It is better to use mosquito nets in rooms where air conditioners are not available.

• It is better to drain the water coolers completely and water stagnation in and around communities should be avoided wherever possible.

• Also, it is better to call up the local authorities to spray mosquito killing medicines in common areas.

• It is also important to report to the local authorities about any puddles or pits found in roads. The reason is that water stagnation in these areas can cause growth of mosquito population.

• The dengue mosquito is generally known to spread and lay eggs in clean waters. So, water filters and purifiers should be kept closed to prevent entry of mosquitoes.

• Good nutritious foods that can enhance the natural immunity of the body should be taken to prevent virus attacks as personal measures to prevent dengue.

In short, preventive measures are the only option available to fight against dengue virus. Keeping the surroundings clean, maintaining personal hygiene and improving the immune system health are some important measures to be taken to fight against these demons.

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Comments

0 # Vivaan 2018-02-16
Hii, I am from North Sikkim, Please tell that can moisture be responsible for infections ?
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0 # Dr. Pooja 2018-02-17
Hello, good to see that you are from North Sikkim, yes,that is why u must keep your genital organs clean and dry because moisture can favour infections.
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0 # Vaibhav 2018-02-16
Hii, I am from Bhopal, plz let me know What is gonorrhoea ?
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0 # Dr. Naresh 2018-02-17
Hello, Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the Neisseria gonorrhoea,This disease is caused in the genitourinary tracts, for more details plz visit good gynec in Bhopal, find list of Gynecologist in Bhopal
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0 # Himmat 2018-02-09
Hello I am from Mahamaya Nagar, My neighbour has been feeling redness and burning in urethral organs, can it be a disease, should she visit gynec?
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0 # Dr. Pooja 2018-02-10
It can be a simple infection also and a disease also, If after the examination, the presence of gram negative bacteria is seen ,gonorrhoea infection can be thought of, she should visit good women's specialist- find list of Gynecologist in Mahamaya Nagar
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0 # Aarav 2018-01-14
Hello, plz let me know What is menarche, I want to consult with gynec in Sagar, plz suggest ?
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0 # Dr. Naresh 2018-01-15
the process of starting of the menstrual cycle in females is called menarche, plz find good Gynecologist in Sagar.
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0 # Tushar 2018-01-05
Hii, I am from East Siang, I want to know can cigerrete sharing can lead to syphilis ?
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0 # Dr. Naresh 2018-01-06
yes,sharing cigerette,drinking cups,common spoons etc can also lead to syphilis, Generally whenever the fluid of a person who has syphilis is shared,the infection can occur, you should also consult with good Gynecologist in East Siang
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0 # Aarush 2017-12-22
Hi, plz let me know What is the incubation period of Syphilis, also give me the list of good female's specialist in Debagarh ?
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0 # Dr. Naresh 2017-12-23
Hii, The incubation period can be 10 to 90 days, plz find list of Gynecologist in Debagarh
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0 # Aarush 2017-12-19
Hii, I am from Dohad, Please tell that can moisture be responsible for infections ?
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0 # Dr. Pooja 2017-12-20
Hello, good to see that you are from Dohad, yes,that is why u must keep your genital organs clean and dry because moisture can favour infections.
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0 # Jayesh 2017-12-15
Hello, I am from Nainital, PLz suggest some biochemic remedies for gonorrhoea .
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0 # Dr. Pooja 2017-12-16
Kali Mur, Natrum Mur, Natrum Sulph, and silicea are few important biochemic emedies in homoeopathy which can be used safely in this case, you can also take advise from gynecologist given here-Gynecologist in Nainital.
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0 # Tushar 2017-12-08
Can gonorrhoea be caused by the infected towels, also provide the list of good gynecologist in Bhojpur?
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0 # Dr. Pooja 2017-12-09
Gonorrhoea can be transmitted by the infected towels, handkerchiefs of the infected person, But most cases are due to sexual contacts, find here list of good Gynecologist in Bhojpur.
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