Dengue: Prevention Is Better Than Cure

Dengue: Prevention Is Better Than Cure

The dengue fever crises continues to shake the capital city of the country with a six year old boy and a lady losing their lives to the vector borne disease, thereby raised the number to 11 and now at the time of writing this post, it has reached to 14 with the death of a 7-year old boy. Now, the fear of this fever is rattling the citizens of Delhi. At this juncture, the Delhi Government has recommended people to take some preventive actions to stay protected from this disease.

What is Dengue fever?

As most of us know, it is a mosquito-borne disease. But, as most of us think it is not a disease that occurs due to the bite of any mosquito. It actually affects an individual, when the mosquito that is infected with one of the four closely related dengue viruses bites him/her. When the dengue fever becomes severe, it is known as dengue hemorrhagic fever. It can lead to issues like heavy bleeding, pain in stomach, vomiting, sudden heavy drop in blood pressure and even it is life-threatening as well. 

Symptoms:

Once a person is bitten by an infected mosquito, it will general take around 3-14 days for the symptoms to show up. Some of the dengue symptoms include:

• Nausea and vomiting

• Rashes in skin

• Severe pain in joints and muscles

• High fever

• Pain behind the eyes

• Nose bleeds

• Bleeding in gums

When these dengue symptoms are experienced, it is better to seek medical help immediately without any delay.

What are the risk factors to look for?

• It is recommended to keep away or be cautious in areas that are known to have dengue outbreaks, particularly if no mosquito control measures are taken by the local municipality

• Once a person is affected with dengue virus, the second infection can be highly severe. So, once an individual is affected, he/she will be at higher risk.

Tests and diagnosis:

Dengue fever can be diagnosed with the help of blood test.

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But, diagnosis should be carefully done as the symptoms of this fever are similar to that of the symptoms of other fevers like typhoid and malaria. When seeking medical help, it is better to inform the doctor about any trips to dengue prone areas or contact with mosquito, so that treatment can be immediately started until the doctor will have to wait for the test reports to come, so that the spreading of the virus can be kept under control as immediately as possible.

How about treatment?

When talking about dengue fever treatment, there is actually no vaccine. But, the doctor will prescribe pain relievers to relieve body pain. However, it is better not to take medicines like aspirin on own as they can worsen the bleeding, if an individual is affected with this virus. If the fever is high and the symptoms are severe, the doctor might recommend stay in hospital for electrolyte replacement and for intravenous fluids. Even, monitoring blood pressure and a blood transfusion might be needed to replace blood loss. 

In the case of patients with severe symptoms, plasma and platelet transfusion will become important and reports state that most Dengue Delhi loses is due to inadequate supplies from blood banks, which is actually a poor thing. 

Blood donation can help:

Healthy people are recommended to donate blood in reliable blood banks, where the blood will be stored separately as plasma, platelets and red blood cells. So, a single blood donation can save up to three lives. As the human body can easily reproduce the volume withdrawn, blood donation is highly recommended. 

Prevention is better than cure:

As there are no specific vaccines to stay against the dengue mosquito, it is better to keep the environment clean to prevent mosquito growth and this disease. Here is the list of preventive measures to take against the disease:

• It is better to keep away from dengue prone areasWhen the dengue fever becomes severe, it is known as dengue hemorrhagic fever. It can lead to issues like heavy bleeding, pain in stomach, vomiting, sudden heavy drop in blood pressure and even it is life-threatening as well. 

Dengue fever can be diagnosed with the help of blood test. But, diagnosis should be carefully done as the symptoms of this fever are similar to that of the symptoms of other fevers like typhoid and malaria. When seeking medical help, it is better to inform the doctor about any trips to dengue prone areas or contact with mosquito, so that treatment can be immediately started until the doctor will have to wait for the test reports to come, so that the spreading of the virus can be kept under control as immediately as possible.

• It is better to keep away from dengue prone areas. As dengue in Delhi is on the news, it is better to avoid areas in which people are already affected.

• Mosquito repellents should be used in houses

• When traveling outside, it is better to cover the body completely to prevent mosquito bites.

• The dengue mosquito generally bites during day times and so high care should be taken

• It is better to use mosquito nets in rooms where air conditioners are not available.

• It is better to drain the water coolers completely and water stagnation in and around communities should be avoided wherever possible.

• Also, it is better to call up the local authorities to spray mosquito killing medicines in common areas.

• It is also important to report to the local authorities about any puddles or pits found in roads. The reason is that water stagnation in these areas can cause growth of mosquito population.

• The dengue mosquito is generally known to spread and lay eggs in clean waters. So, water filters and purifiers should be kept closed to prevent entry of mosquitoes.

• Good nutritious foods that can enhance the natural immunity of the body should be taken to prevent virus attacks as personal measures to prevent dengue.

In short, preventive measures are the only option available to fight against dengue virus. Keeping the surroundings clean, maintaining personal hygiene and improving the immune system health are some important measures to be taken to fight against these demons.

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Comments

0 # Nishith 2019-02-08
My friend has been diagnosed with gonorrhoea, Please tell which tests will be advisable, also suggest gynec in East Khasi Hills ?
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0 # Dr. Pooja 2019-02-09
VDRL tests should be done every month for 3 consecutive months for detecting syphilis as well as other sexually transmitted diseases,These tests should be conducted at proper times, find good Gynecologist in East Khasi Hills
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0 # Vaibhav 2019-02-01
Hii, I am from Mehsana, can you plz tell me What is the mode of infection in syphilis ?
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0 # Dr. Naresh 2019-02-02
90 percent cases in syphilis are transmitted through unsafe sexual contacts, Mothers can also pass infection through breast milk, you can also consult with good Gynecologist in Mehsana .
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0 # Vaibhav 2019-01-25
Hii, can you plz tell me,What changes can occur in skin in syphilis patient, also suggest good obstertrician in Sonipat ?
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0 # Dr. Naresh 2019-01-26
Rashes can occur on the skin in the near areas,rashes can be discrete and also symmetrical in nature, Rashes can also be pustular, you can consult with Obstetrician in Sonipat.
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0 # Lakshay 2019-01-25
Hii, I am from Prakasam, can you plz tell me What is the mode of infection in syphilis ?
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0 # Dr. Pooja 2019-01-26
90 percent cases in syphilis are transmitted through unsafe sexual contacts, Mothers can also pass infection through breast milk, you can also consult with good Gynecologist in Prakasam .
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0 # Aarush 2019-01-18
Hii, plz tell me,Which tests can confirm syphilis in primary stage, also suggest name of good maternity hospitals in Aurangabad ?
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0 # Dr. Naresh 2019-01-19
During the primary stage,DG illumination tests are very helpful, find good maternity hospitals-Kodlikeri Memorial Hospital ; Yashoda Hospital and Maternity Home ; Deogiri Nursing Home-Endoscopy and Testtube Baby Centre ; Chobe Maternity and Nursing Home.
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0 # Lakshay 2018-12-28
Hello, plz let me know What is menarche, I want to consult with gynec in East Sikkim, plz suggest ?
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0 # Dr. Naresh 2018-12-29
the process of starting of the menstrual cycle in females is called menarche, plz find good Gynecologist in East Sikkim.
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0 # Vivaan 2018-12-21
Hii, I am from Phek, Please tell that can moisture be responsible for infections ?
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0 # Dr. Pooja 2018-12-22
Hello, good to see that you are from Phek, yes,that is why u must keep your genital organs clean and dry because moisture can favour infections.
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0 # Lakshay 2018-12-21
Hello, plz tell me what are venereal diseases, can you plz suggest some good gynecologist in Jaintia Hills ?
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0 # Dr. Naresh 2018-12-22
veneral diseases are those which can be spread through sexual contact, The spreading agents can bacteria ,viruses etc, The examples are syphilis and gonorrhoea can be can spread by sexual contact, you can also find list of Gynecologist in Jaintia Hills.
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0 # Aarav 2018-12-07
Hello, plz let me know Can gonorrhoea be transmitted to small children, should I consult with good maternity doctor in Mansa
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0 # Dr. Naresh 2018-12-08
yes,this can be transmitted by infected mothers to children, In this case it is called as ophthalmia neonatorum, find list of good doctor-.Obstetrician in Mansa
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0 # Aarav 2018-12-07
Hi, plz let me know What is the incubation period of Syphilis, also give me the list of good female's specialist in Bid ?
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0 # Dr. Pooja 2018-12-08
Hii, The incubation period can be 10 to 90 days, plz find list of Gynecologist in Bid
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