The function of kidneys in the human body is to purify the body by removal of wastes and excess fluids. However, when the kidneys of an individual do not function properly, he/she will have to undergo the dialysis procedure regularly for removal of wastes from the body and for purifying the blood. This is the most common and popular procedure conducted in people with kidney issues.
What is the purpose of this procedure?
When the kidneys function properly, they will take care of excess salt content, extra water content and accumulation of waste in the body. Kidneys are also responsible for controlling blood pressure and for regulating important chemicals in the blood like potassium and sodium. When the kidneys do not perform these functions properly, due to injury or disease, dialysis is the only remedy suggested by health care providers for removal of wastes from the body.
How does the procedure work?
Dialysis is divided into two types and here are the details of the two types:
• Hemodialysis is the procedure wherein artificial kidney called as hemodialyzer is used for removal of wastes and chemicals from the blood. This artificial kidney gets access to the blood through a minor surgical procedure in the leg or in the arm or through a plastic tube in the neck known as catheter.
• The second type is peritoneal dialysis, which involves the surgical implantation of a catheter into the abdomen of the patient. During this procedure, a special fluid known as dialystate is pumped into the abdomen, wherein the fluid draws waste from the bloodstream.
Time taken for the procedure:
Generally, the time taken will depend on the type of dialysis procedure chosen by the doctor. It also depends on other factors like the patient’s weight and the level of waste in the body. Generally, the first type mentioned above will last for about 4 hours and should be done for three times a week. The second type can be done at home, at office or when the patient sleeps on the basis of the style of treatment recommended by the doctor.
Mostly dialysis is performed at the hospital and once the doctor feels that patient is prepared for self-administration of treatment after several sittings, he might suggest treatments at home. Generally, home dialysis is suggested for patients with long-term kidney issues.
Intended benefits of dialysis:
Dialysis is meant for keeping the body running as normal as possible in the process of recovery from a kidney injury or damage. This procedure is also suggested when the patient is waiting for a kidney transplantation. Without dialysis, salts and other wastes would gather in the blood stream making the patient poisonous. The important point to remember is that dialysis is not a cure for kidney diseases and other treatments are required to address kidney issues.
What is the cost of dialysis in India?
Patients with some sort of kidney issues, where their kidneys are not able to filter the wastes will have to undergo dialysis. The cost of Hemodialysis, for 12 dialysis per month will cost around Rs.15000 per month. On the other hand, the other type of dialysis will cost around Rs.18,000-Rs.20,000 per month.