India has the highest burden of soil-transmitted disease helminthes – parasitic worms – in the world. Parasitic worms in children interfere with nutrient uptake, and can contribute to anemia, malnourishment, and lack of mental and physical development. Worm infestation is not only a major threat to children health (under nutrition, lower resistance to infection) but it is also responsible for poor cognitive development and decreased work productivity.
Deworming: - Deworming is a cost effective measures to control or remove the disease which is causes by Worm infection, a worm classified as a parasite, a parasite is a disease-causing organism that lives a human and derives its nourishment from its host.
Symptoms of worm infection:-
- Abdominal pain
- Hunger or loss of appetite
- Weight loss
- Vitamin and mineral deficiencies
Treatment for worm infection:-
The type and length of treatment may depend on the type of worm you have. worms are usually treated with a medicine taken by mouth. These medications kill the worms. The dead worms then dissolve or pass from your body with bowel movements. If worms are large, you may have cramping when they pass. Your doctor will recheck stool samples at one and three months after you finish treatment. When worms are confined to the intestines, appropriate treatment gets rid of them in more than 95% of people. More serious complications of tapeworm infection are also treated with medications.
Preventing worms in Humans:-
You can further reduce your risk of tapeworms by washing your hands before and after using the toilet and by following these food safety tips.
- Avoid raw fish and meat.
- Thoroughly cook meat to temperatures of at least 145 degrees Fahrenheit for whole cuts of meat and to at least 160 degrees F for ground meat. Then let it rest for at least 3 minutes before carving or eating. Safe temperatures for poultry are different.
- Freeze meat to -4 degrees F for at least 24 hours to kill tapeworm eggs
- When traveling in undeveloped countries, cook fruits and vegetables with boiled or chemically-treated water before eating.
- Wash hands with soap and hot water before preparing or eating foods.
While testing and treating children who are infected looks like it is effective, there is insufficient evidence to conclude that routine deworming, in the absence of a positive test, improves nutrition, hemoglobin, school attendance or school performance.
So Free medicine scheme was launched in the state in month of October 2016.and on national deworming Day, Union health minister J P Nadda praised the launch of free medicine campaign on Monday in tenure of congress government and Nadda also promises for Central help of free medicine distribution in Rajasthan. He said that,” in free medicine scheme, Rajasthan has set an example. He also request to health minister Rajendra Rathore that help our state in all possible way and extend all positive support from centre in free medicine scheme and the health minister is also agreed for that.
Nadda said that from now govt. first concern is about the health of a country. There has been a visible change you can see in health indicators of country. Because the student of anganwadi and govt. schools are always suffered from parasitic worms, and from the survey it finds 20% - 30% children do not go to school because of worm infection
Government takes a good decision for a free medical campaign it helps the children, adult and old. Because sometimes the person is not able to purchase medicine due to his poverty and the result is turn into their death. This campaign gives birth to a new India and removes the negativity from country.
The programme of free medicine campaign in Rajasthan is also become a lesson for the other country and recently Maharashtra government officials visited the sms hospital to learn about the free medicine campaign.