Q1 What is arthritis?
Ans The word arthritis literally means joint inflammation ("arthr-" means joint; "-itis" means inflammation). Knee joint made by 2 important bones, on bones have a thin gristly layer which called cartilage as well as in between bones articular disks present which called Meniscus. In old age cartilage starts wear off & after some time its effect can see on meniscus as well which generate arthritis.
Q2 How many types of Arthritis are invented?
Ans Arthritis depends on bone which effected & in age you feel the pain. Currently more than 300 types of Arthritis are invented.
Top 3 Types of Arthritis
- Osteoarthritis: It mostly happens in old age, but it can also outcome from joint sprain or obesity (which puts extra stress on your joints) & can see effect on joins which overused. Joints that bear weight such as your knees, hips, feet, and spine – are the most common places it affects.
- Rheumatoid Arthritis: Rheumatoid arthritis is a type of arthritis in which your body's immune system strikes active tissue in your joints. It makes the joints swollen, creaky, and hurtful. Over time, it may wipe out the joint tissues and make it tough for you to walk and use your hands. Medicine may help control rheumatoid arthritis or keep it from getting ill.
- Psoriatic Arthritis: People who have inflammation of the skin (psoriasis) and joints (arthritis). Along psoriasis, there are patchy, raised, red, and white areas of skin inflammation with scaling. Psoriasis usually influences the tips of the elbows and knees, the scalp, the navel, and skin around the genital areas or anus. Only about 10% of people with psoriasis get psoriatic arthritis.
Q3 What Are the Symptoms of Arthritis?
Ans Basically its effects on joint like knee, shoulder etc. In starting only pain when its works but after some time pain is increases & joints paining even in rest time. Arthritis usually basis rigidity pain and fatigue. The harshness of arthritis varies from person to person and even from day to day. In some people only a few joints are impressed and the impact may be little. In other people the full body system may be affected. Many things affect how your joints and muscles feel. Pain may be caused by swelling, joint damage, muscle tightness or spasm. Muscles hurt after doing exercise or activities you aren't used to; sometimes when the joint is damaged simple activities stress the joint.
Q4 Why do joints make popping and cracking noises?
Ans Joints that are arthritic may crack and grind. These noises usually appear each time the joint is lifted. This noise is due to the gruffness of the joint outer due to loss of the glossy cartilage.
Q5 What should I do if I think I have arthritis?
Ans If you have pain, stiffness, or swelling in or around one or more of your joints, talk to your doctor. It is essential to have in mind that there are many forms of arthritis, and a exact examination of the kind you have may assist to direct the appropriate treatment. The prior you find out your arthritis, the earlier you can start controlling your disease and making healthy lifestyle changes to support your arthritis.
Q6 Can I prevent arthritis?
Ans Depending on the kind of arthritis, there are steps that can be taken to trim your hazard of arthritis. Managing felicitous body weight has been shown to decrease the hazard of establishing osteoarthritis and gout. Protecting your joints from injuries or overuse can reduce the risk of osteoarthritis.
Q7 How is arthritis diagnosed?
Ans Diagnosing arthritis generally desires a detailed medical history of ongoing and past symptoms, physical check up, x-rays, and blood work. It is feasible to have more than one form of arthritis at the same time.
Q8 What are the treatments for arthritis?
Ans The focal point of treatment for arthritis is to reduce pain, joint damage, and improve or maintain function and quality of life. In inflammatory types of arthritis, it is also necessary to control inflammation.
Following type of treatments can prevent from arthritis:
2. Nonpharmacologic therapies
• Physical or occupational therapy
• Splints or joint assistive aids
• Patient education and support
• Weight loss
• High Tibial Osteotmy
• Binoculars cleaning
• Total Knee replacement
Q9 Is exercise recommended for people who have arthritis?
Ans Recent studies have shown that balanced physical activity, 5 or more days in a week can help to relax arthritis pain and stiffness and give you more strength. Regular physical activity can also bump your mood and make you sense more positive.
Q 10 What Is the Outlook for People With Arthritis?
Ans With early diagnosis, most types of arthritis can be managed and the pain and disability minimized. In addition, early diagnosis and treatment may be able to prevent tissue damage caused by arthritis. Early, aggressive treatment is particularly important for rheumatoid arthritis in order to help prevent further damage and disability down the road.