What is whole body checkup?
A whole body checkup means a general examination of human body that is performed by a general practitioner or by a doctor. The checkup must cover most of the basic system of our body that includes nerve system, gut system, lung system and heart system. The further examination depends on the clinical history. In fact, the need for whole body checkup is to confirm the present health issue after the clinical history and to know about the possible pathologies which are unknowingly present in the body.
Olden days vs. modern western medicines
After the establishment of Western medicines centuries ago, physical examination and clinical history have become essential. With the advancement of technology based investigations, many diseases could be diagnosed through image studies and blood tests. Modern technologies can diagnose many diseases, which were not possible in earlier days. The example may be cancer, prostate cancer and etc.
Referring to the Medical Journal of Australia Editorials that is concerning to “Physical examination: bewitched, bothered and bewildered”, it is known that physical examination and medical history, doctors can provide you exciting, reproducible, durable, cheap, fast, portable and powerful information. For getting this type of result, a thorough body checkup is very much necessary.
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What all checkups are needed?
The whole body checkup covers both the bio-medical profiles and cardiac status. Cardiac status examination investigates about heart & its related issues. The bio-chemical profile investigates about Mammography for Women, Dental & ENT check-ups, Eye check-ups, Lipid profile and Blood sugar. An individual’s detailed assessment is obtained through whole body check-ups, which is very much essential for the persons above 40.
• Biochemical Parameters - FBS,PPPBS, Blood Urea, HbA1c, S. Uric Acid, S. Creatinine
• Haemogram - Hemoglobin, MCHC, PVC, RBC, MCV, Total Differential Count/WBC, ESR, MCH, Platelet count.
• General Tests - RH Typing and Blood grouping, Urine Routine, Resting ECG, Stool routine test, X-ray-Chest, Pap smear (for Women) AND Abdomen Ultrasonogram (Screening only)
• Lipid Profile - Total Cholesterol, LDL Cholesterol, HDL Cholesterol, Triglycerides, HDL Ratio/ Total Cholesterol.
* PSA for Men
* Mammogram for Women
• Pulmonary Function test
• Cardiac Stress Analysis(TMT/CSA)
S. Calcium and Phosphorous
• S. Electrolytes
• Liver Function Test - Albumin, Globulin, Total Protein, A/G ratio, Alkaline Phosphatase, SGOT, SGPT, Gamma GT, Bilirubin ( Total & Direct )
Dental, Eye and ENT Consults
Medical Summary, Clinical Examination, and advice by Internal Medicine Consultant
Gynecologist Consultation (Women)
General Surgery Consultation (For Men)
Lifestyle Management (i.e risk factor management, Nutrition & diet counselling
Whole body checkup & its related issues
Patient’s consent is needed before carrying out whole body checkup. In case of gender difference, a cheaper one may be the need; this is most common in case a male doctor examines a female, because some parts of the body needs exposures for proper examination for which permission of the patient is a must.
Vital signs are needed to be recorded for whole body checkup. The vital signs include body temperature, respiratory rate, blood pressures and heart rate. 4 parts of physical examinations are generally needed. They are:
• Palpation, related to feelings
• Inspection, related to signs
• Auscultation, related to signs of sound, like stethoscope
• Percussion, related to tapping of signs which is recorded for gut and/or long examination
Are all the examinations mandatory?
Although not all of these examinations are needed for every patient, but most of them are needed. The sequence of the covering of the system depends on the training of the doctor. It is no doubt that all these whole body checkups are to know about the present disease or may also be the possible disease being examined for prescribing the treatment.
Doctor’s attitude towards the patient during the whole body checkup
At the time of whole body checkups, doctors try to provide maximum possible comforts to the patients. However, as per the ethics, a doctor has to touch & examine the tender parts of the body for reaching to the reliable and accurate diagnosis.
After whole body check up
After completing the whole body checkup, the patient is to dress up and confide with the doctor about the diagnostic findings. The doctor’s investigations will either follow the clinical history or completely base on the disease.
Whole body checkup does not have any sort of risk, except a few of the discomforts for some patient.
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