Organ donation is a process, wherein living organs from one person are taken and transplanted to a recipient, who is need of that part to live. The transplantation of organ is stated as the effective treatment in the case of failure of important parts in the human body. Reports state that an individual can actually save nearly the lives of 8 people through this process. There are different types of organ donors, who can restore the lives of patients, who are in need.
Living donor/deceased exchange:
This category typically involve donation of kidney. If a person is ready for donating this organ, but if it is not compatible with the intended beneficiary, he/she can make the donation to a random person, who is actually in need of a kidney for leading the life.
Blood type incompatible donors:
If the blood group is not compatible with the donor and recipient and if there is no other option, a procedure called as plasmapheresis will be conducted before and after the transplantation surgery. This process will help in removal of harmful antibodies from the blood that could otherwise cause the recipient to reject the incompatible kidney.
These are donors, who are biologically related to the recipient. This type of donation has better success rate due to the familial blood ties. When this happens, there will be negligible chances the recipient body to reject the new organ. Generally, healthy organs can be transplanted from the parents, siblings, adult children, nephews, nieces, uncles and aunts of the recipient, who has organ failure.
These are donors, who do not have any blood relationship with the recipient. They are emotionally related to the recipient like close neighbors and friends, co-workers and step-siblings. However, these donors must be tested to make sure whether their organ will match with that of the recipient. Otherwise, the body of the recipient will not accept the organ.
These are living donors, who do not have any biological relationship with that of recipient. They generally are not aware of the person to whom they are donating and even they decide to remain anonymous. These people can donate lung, kidney, pancreas or a portion of liver.
Deceased donors are those that are dead, but have registered that their organs are to be donated before the death. Once an individual has no brain or heart activity and declared as legally dead by a medical professional, the important organs are tested for their viability to be transplanted to people in need of them. Any individual of more than 18 years of age has the liberty to register to become an organ donor. Once a person is dead, his/her intestinal organs, corneas, skin, liver, pancreas, lungs, kidneys and heart can be donated.
Nowadays, in different countries of the world, there are organizations and hospitals that accept donors and people can register for the donation of their organs after their death to needy people. Donation of organs is highly encouraged these days and practiced as well.