The United Nation’s Universal Children’s Day was actually established in the year 1954. This day is followed on the 20th of November every year. The purpose behind this day is to promote international intimacy, to create awareness among kids from around the world and for improvement of the welfare of the future generation of the society. To mark this day, in the year 1959, the UN General Assembly adopted the declaration of rights of kids. On this day the UN General Assembly also adopted the Convention on the Rights of younger generation. As these two things were done on the 20th of November 1959, the day is also considered every year as the remembrance of the occasion.
When it comes to India, as most of us know Children’s day is celebrated on the 14th of November every year to honor the birthday of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, who had great love and affection for children. As we are fast approaching both Indian Children’s Day and Universal Children’s Day, it is our responsibility to take steps to eradicate child labour in India, such that the future generation can focus on studies.
What is child labour?
Generally, it is unlawful to appoint kids under 18 years of job as labourers. For your question ‘what is child labour?’ it means the employment of kids in any industry or business, particularly when it is considered unlawful and abusive. It is highly important that every employer in India should be aware of child labor laws in the country, besides understanding what is child labour.
Details of child labour in India:
As child labour is a practice that deprives kids of their childhood joy and play, it can be highly harmful for their physical and mental development. When analyzing the causes for child labour in India, it has been identified that poverty, lack of growth of informal economy and lack of good schools are stated to be important contributing factors. This is why free education policies are in practice to make sure that not even a single child in India is deprived of at least the fundamental education because of poverty. Even though, child labour problem is not associated just in India, as many other industries in other countries of the world appoint kids, it should be something abolished.
What does the law state?
The Indian Law has particularly identified that 65 industries are not safe for kids and so employing kids in these industries is considered a criminal offence. It is important that the owners of businesses should keep themselves aware of the child labor laws in India before they appoint any child, such that they can stay clear of any criminal or other offenses.
How about child protection services in India?
UNICEF makes use of the term ‘child protection’ for referring to prevention and responding to forcefulness, misuse and abuse against kids. These things can be in the form of destructive conventional practices like child marriage, child labour, trafficking, sexual exploitation or any such things. The child protection programmes of UNICEF pays attention to kids, who are especially vulnerable to abuses like when they are living without parental care. When it comes to child protection services, there are many NGOs and private organizations that organize programmes to raise voice against child labour and for promoting child labor laws.
So, on the Universal Children’s Day, let us join hands to save our future generation!