You might have heard the term ‘COPD’. But, have you ever wondered ‘What is COPD?’ and ‘What does COPD stand for’? It is nothing, but the short form for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. It is a term that is used to denote a collection of lung diseases inclusive of chronic obstructive airways, emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Generally, patients with this health issue will have difficulty in breathing, specifically because of narrowing of airways, which is denoted as airway obstruction in medical terminology.
COPD signs and symptoms:
Now, you know what is COPD, but are you aware of COPD signs and symptoms? Here are the details:
- The most common symptom is breathlessness.
- Generally, patients with this problem will experience need for air.
- There will be an increase in the sputum production associated with chronic cough.
- It should never be confused with a ‘smoker’s cough’ and should never be under-diagnosed as it can lead to life-threatening effects.
Who are at the risk of developing COPD?
Generally, people falling under the following categories are at higher risk of getting chronic pulmonary disease:
- Those who will have to face a lot of dusts, fumes, irritant and vapors are at higher risk.
- Those exposed to air pollution.
- Indoor air pollution like heating and cooking.
- Tobacco smoking.
Now, it is time to understand the causes behind COPD disease:
Causes of COPD:
The fundamental cause behind COPD is stated to be tobacco smoking, inclusive of passive and second-hand exposure. The World Health Organization has estimated that in the year 2005, nearly 5.4 million people lost their lives to tobacco. It is also projected that this number will increase to 8.3 million deaths per year by the year 2030. Now, let us get into the main topic of our content. Yes, it is about World Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Day.
About the day:
Every year, this day is celebrated on the 16th of November and the purpose of this day is to create awareness among people about the chronic lung disease. On this day, let us educate ourselves and here are further details to educate yourself about COPD.
Diagnosis of COPD:
The chronic pulmonary disease is generally diagnosed with the help of a simple test called as spirometry. This test is conducted for measuring the deepness of breath a patient can take and it will identify how fast air can flow into and out of the lungs. When it comes to COPD life expectancy, it is important to remember that effective management of the disease can improve the life expectancy.
How to manage COPD?
In general, the effective management of COPD disease involves four components and they are identifying and keeping a watch on the disease, bringing down the risk factors, management of COPD in a stable manner. Here, we should understand the goals of effective management of this disease and here are they for your identification:
- Bringing down mortality.
- Prevention and treatment of exacerbations.
- Prevention and treatment of complications.
- Improving health status.
- Improving tolerance to exercises.
- Relieving symptoms.
- Preventing disease progression.
On the forthcoming World Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Day, let us take a resolution that we should quit smoking and should also encourage our loved ones to stop this habit. The reason is that not just active smokers, but passive smokers are also at higher risk of developing COPD disease.
We should understand that health alone can bring us happiness and nothing other than happiness is the biggest wealth for humans. Let us join hands and keep ourselves aware of the purpose of celebrating different health days. Also, we should get regular health checkups to ensure our health.