The Word Malaria Day was established in the year 2007 on the month of May during the 60th session of the World Health Assembly, which is the decision making body of the World Health Organization. The main purpose behind the establishment of the day is to provide education and understanding about Malaria. This day is celebrated from around the world on the 25th of April 2016.
Theme for the year 2016:
Every year the World Malaria Day is celebrated with some specific theme. For the years 2013, 2014 and 2015, the theme was the same and it was ‘invest in the future: defeat malaria’. For the year 2016, the theme is decided as ‘end malaria for good’. On account of this day, let us keep ourselves informed about this disease to end it for good.
What is Malaria?
Rather than stating malaria as a disease, it is actually an intermittent and remittent fever that is caused by a protozoan parasite that attacks the red blood cells in the human body. This fever is actually transmitted by mosquitoes in many tropical and subtropical regions from around the world.
Symptoms of Malaria:
When it comes to the common symptoms of malaria, the following signs might be experienced by patients:
- Profuse sweating
- High fever
- Shaking chills that can sometimes be severe and sometimes be moderate.
Generally malaria life cycleranges from 8-24 weeks and as soon as the above-mentioned malaria symptoms are experienced, it is recommended to seek medical help.
Generally, blood test is used as the diagnostic method to detect malaria infection. Blood of a patient complaining the above-mentioned symptoms is drawn and microscopic examination is done. Even though, blood is used as the specimen for diagnosing malaria, for patients looking for non-invasive testing methods, saliva and urine examination can also be done for diagnosing the same. In the case of patients from areas that do not have laboratory access, the history of the subjective fever is generally used as the indication for malaria treatment.
How about treatment?
When talking about malaria treatment, the patients are generally treated with antimalarial medications the ones that are decided by the health care provider on the basis of the type and severity of the fever and the infection. Along with anti-malarial drugs, medications for fever are also prescribed.
So, on the world malaria day, let us be aware of the above-mentioned details and let us also take steps to keep our environment clean to prevent the growth of malaria-causing and spreading mosquitoes.