The World Polio Day is celebrated on 24th of October each year with the aim of increasing awareness about polio virus. The day also aims at motivating further actions for bringing down the chances of the virus from spreading. The celebrations on the day also showcase the success of international strategies for bringing down the spread of the disease.
Facts about polio:
Polio facts state that it is a highly infectious disease that aims at the central nervous system, thereby leading to paralysis attacks. Here are some facts to be aware of about this disease, so that we can fight against it:
- It generally affects kids below 5 years. However, adults, who were not immunized, are also at higher risk of getting this virus attack.
- As it will not have any symptoms, before the paralysis attack is visible, the virus would have already spread itself all through the body.
- It can pass from one person to another through contact and many countries in the world are happy that they have eliminated the disease completely.
- Even though, there is no treatment for this virus, it can be prevented with the help of vaccination.
Polio facts further adds that polio worldwide is mostly controlled and on the World Polio Day, it is aimed to spread the awareness about this disease among people from different countries, such that it can be eradicated from all over the world.
Polio vaccine day:
In India, Polio vaccine day is followed in the name of pulse polio and it is nothing, but an immunization campaign that was established by the Indian government for elimination of poliomyelitis from the country. On the Polio Vaccine Day, kids below five years are provided with free vaccination against polio virus. This day is also used for scrutinizing for polio cases as well.
Polio history in India:
In our country, vaccination against this deadly virus began in the year 1978 with Expanded Program in Immunization. According to this program, every kid below 5 years of age should get three doses of vaccines. Again, in the year 1985, the Universal Immunization Program shortly called as UIP was introduced with a view to bring in all the districts of the nation, such that kids from each and every district can be immunized. The success of this program can be understood from the fact that the number of polio cases in the country declined from 28,757 in the year 1987 to 3,265 in the year 1995.
Complete elimination of polio in India:
In India, the last reported cases of Wild Polio attack were in Gujarat and West Bengal in the year 2016. As no polio cases were registered in the country after 2016 continuously for three years, the World Health Organization has declared India as a polio-free country.
Key objective polio vaccine day:
The pulse polio initiative in India aims at reaching every individual in the nation. The aim of the initiative is to reach every kid in the remote areas with the help of improved social mobilization plan.
When analyzing polio history, it was the most feared disease in the 20th century as it attacked hundreds of kids every year.
One of the major medical improvements that took place in 20th century was the development of effective vaccinations for prevention of paralytic polio. With the introduction and evaluation of pair of oral polio vaccines in the year 2016 and the global initiative to eradicate this disease now have five varied vaccines for cessation of polio transmission. The vaccines are:
- Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV)
- Monovalent Oral Polio Vaccines (moPV1 and moPV3)
- Bivalent Oral Polio Vaccines (boPV)
- Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV)
When most of the kids in a particular community are properly immunized, the virus will be deprived of susceptible hosts and so it will die out. The Global Polio Eradication initiative is constantly assessing the effective use of varied vaccines for prevention of paralytic polio and for cessation of transmission of this virus in different countries of the world.
On this World Polio Day, let us be informed about this deadly virus and let us get our kids under five years vaccinated on polio vaccine day to do our part to prevent polio worldwide.