The World Tuberculosis or World TB Day falls on the 24th of March every year and it is designed for building public awareness that this health issue remains to be an epidemic in many parts of the world, costing the lives of nearly one-and-a-half million people from around the world, particularly in developing countries.
Why is the day celebrated?
This day is celebrated to mark the thing that happened in the year 1882, when Dr. Robert Koch surprised the scientific community with his announcement of the cause of TB called as TB Bacillus virus. When Dr. Koch made this announcement in Berlin, the disease already started to spread through Europe and America, causing the death of one out of every 7 individuals. The discovery of Koch opened up the door for diagnosing and for curing TB. On account of this day, let us keep ourselves aware of some details about this deadly disease:
At this juncture, we should be aware of the symptoms of Tuberculosis, such that we can seek medical help early to completely cure the health issue:
Even though, the human body can harbor the bacteria that cause this deadly disease, the immune system can usually protect humans from getting sick. This is why doctors take steps to differentiate between latent TB and Active TB.
Latent TB: In this type of TB, the individual will have a TB Infection, but the bacteria remaining in the body will be in inactive state, thereby causing no symptoms. This is otherwise called as inactive TB is not a contagious disease and it can turn out to be active TB. So, tuberculosis treatment is important for an individual with this disease to control the spread of TB.
Active TB: This type will make the individual sick and also individuals with this type of TB have chances of spreading this to others. It can occur either during the first few weeks after infection with the TB Bacteria or it might also occur after several years.
Now, let us get into the list of tuberculosis symptoms, so that you can get the appropriate screening:
- Coughing that lasts for three to four weeks
- Coughing up blood
- Pain with breathing or coughing and chest pain
- Weight loss without any intention
- Loss of appetite
- Night sweats
Tuberculosis can affect different parts of the body inclusive of brain, spine and kidneys. Even though, lungs are the most known organs affected by TB and symptoms of tuberculosis, differ according to the part that is affected. For instance, when it has affected the spine, it might lead to back pain and in the case of kidneys, it can cause blood in urine.
Treatment for TB:
When it comes to tuberculosis treatment, medications are stated to be the corner stones, but the problem with the bacteria that causes this disease is that it will take longer treatment time as compared to other types of bacterial infections. When an individual is diagnosed with this health issue, antibiotics will be prescribed by the doctor for about 3-9 months. Also, the exact length of treatment will differ according to the age, overall health, possible drug resistance, the type of Tuberculosis and also the location of the infection in the body. Some of the common medications used for treatment include pyrazinamide, ethambutol, rifampin and isoniazid.