Special medical care is needed for the pregnancy complications. Anemia and diabetes have been found to be the common complications of the pregnancies. Pregnant women are advised to remain under constant observations of the doctors. What is commonly seen, that gestational diabetes goes away after the delivery. But the alarming point is women with the diabetes in their first pregnancy may develop the same problem in their next pregnancies. Besides this, even when these women are not gestating afterwards, the diabetic problem may not leave them in the later stage of their life. So, from the very initial stage, these women need to change their lifestyles by taking only healthy foods (no sugary foods), remain active as much as possible, lose weight and continue with exercises in routine way.
What are the complications of diabetes during pregnancy?
Most of the women with gestational diabetes can control their blood sugar level and get treated (both gestating mother and the baby in the womb) for diabetes during the gestation period. But if untreated, both the lives can face serious health complications. The untreated women may deliver the baby with:
• Very large in size. Being large, the babies may get hurt during vaginal birth, so caesarian delivery becomes the better option for keeping the baby safe.
• In many occasions, the baby comes out with birth defects, resulting into change of function or shape of one or more parts of the baby’s body.
• In some cases, the babies develop overall health problem, with the question marks of their body developments and/or body’s overall functionalities.
• Some of these babies may have post birth complications like breathing problem, jaundice, blood sugar problem etc.
• A few of such deliveries are still-born. That means the baby is dead within the womb, either after 20 months of pregnancy or before the birth.
Who are mostly to be the candidates for gestational diabetes?
In most of the cases, the pregnant women with following characteristics will be the cases for gestational diabetes:
If you have a family history of blood sugar problems
If you are 30 years and above
If you had the gestational diabetes in your earlier pregnancy
If you are already overweight or you may have gained extra weight during your pregnancy
If you are any of these-- Native American, African-American, Hispanic or Pacific Islander or Asian. These ethnic groups have been studied to be the major victims of the problem than any other groups.
Was your previous baby still born or had the birth-weight more than 9 and ½ pounds
The important point to note here is, even without any of these histories, some women still may develop this problem during their gestational period.
What are the symptoms of gestational diabetes?
A glucose tolerance is the most practiced test done by the doctors during the gestation period. The test is done when the pregnancy is in between 24 and 28 weeks. In some cases, doctors do the test a bit earlier if he/she suspects the problem of gestational diabetes, during the checkups.
So, if you are the candidate, you must be under the regular supervision of a doctor, maintain healthy lifestyles, take only those foods & fluids which are prescribed by the doctor. Always be active in your daily life, never take sugary items. Do the exercises which have been prescribed by your medical consultant. After all, you have studied all the above points “in between the lines”.