An in-depth study of Degenerative Disc Disease
Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD) is a very painful disease. The cause of this body condition is the damage of disc in the spine. In normal condition, a disc acts as the shock-absorber between the spine and bones.
The facts behind the problem of Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD)
At the time of birth, our discs are constituent of 80% of water. As we age, our discs gradually become unable to absorb force or shock. That is the reason, at the age of sixty, most of the people have Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD), to some level; albeit, all are not symptomatic. This means the patient may not have pain, even though there is onslaught of the disease. In some of the cases, a person may have had some injuries that might be the reason of Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD). Even the sports or daily activities can be the causes of this onslaught of Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD). The other cause of the problem or the pain in that area may be, having more nerve endings, which have deeper presences in the disc’s outer area.
Symptoms of Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD)
Many symptoms are associated with the Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD). They are as below:
Worsening pain at the time of twisting, lifting, bending etc
Worsening pain at the time of sitting position, instead of standing position
Intermittent and severe pain (goes & comes)
Pain gets relieved if the patient lies down or changes his/her position
Pain can be felt as per the damaged disc’s location. It can be felt around neck, low back, thighs and even buttock
Numbness, foot drop, tingling, weak leg muscle might also be the symptoms
The diagnosis of the disease
To help establishing the diagnosis of any patient rests on the patient’s physical examination or medical history. For detecting the damaged discs, MRIs are the most useful mean, however, it alone can’t diagnose with confirmation about the Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD).
Treatment of Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD)
Physiotherapy and analgesic medications are the often known treatments for the patients with DDD. Some researches have proved that the patients, who are treated through surgical spinal fusion, have risked the analgesic-related death. This surgical spinal fusion is responsible for maximum number of DDD-patients’ death. The rate of deaths accounts for three times higher than any other degenerative diseases related deaths. The age ranges of the DDD patients who have died are 45 to 54, and are responsible for 7 time’s higher death than any other category of patients. The reason is suspected to be high analgesic doses required, or over-analgesic doses by accidents.
Different types of treatment are there for the patients with Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD). The treatments may be non-operative, intradiscal procedure, surgical treatment etc. However, all the treatments are subject to the physical condition of the patient and the extremity of the problem being faced by the patient. The MRI, the physical examination and the medical history determine the length & breadth of the treatment.