Bipolar disorder, which is sometimes referred to as manic-depressive disorder ranges from highs of mania from lows of depression. Generally, when humans feel depressed, they will feel hopeless and sad and lose pleasure or interest in many activities. Also, when their mood shifts in other direction, they will feel full of energy. In general, mood shifts will happen only a few times in a year and there are also chances that some people will experience this type of shift several times a day. When it comes to bipolar disorder, people will feel symptoms of mania and depression at the same time.
Even though, this condition is long-term and disruptive in nature, people can keep their mood swings in check by following a suitable treatment plan. In many cases, this condition can be controlled with psychological counseling and medications.
Even though, the actual cause of the condition is not known, different factors are known to trigger the episodes of this condition and they are as follows:
Biological differences: In general, people with this disorder will experience physical changes in their brain. Even though, the importance of these changes is still not certain, they will eventually help in identifying the causes behind.
Neurotransmitters: Not only for bipolar disorder, but also for many other mood related disorders, an imbalance in the naturally occurring chemicals in the brain, which are otherwise called as neurotransmitters are known to play a crucial role.
Hormones: Hormonal imbalances can also contribute towards these mood swings.
Inherited conditions: Generally, the chances of getting bipolar disorder are higher for those with blood relatives having this disease. Studies are being conducted for identifying the genes that is causing this issue.
External factors: Other external factors like traumatic experience, loss of a close relative, abuse and stress can also contribute towards bipolar disorder.
Symptoms of bipolar disorder:
There are different sub-types of this condition and the appropriate symptoms for each type are given below:
Bipolar I disorder: Mood swings with this type will create difficulty in engaging in day-to-day activities in patients. In this type, the manic episodes will be dangerous and severe.
Bipolar II disorder: The severity of symptoms associated with this type will be lesser as compared to the first type. Here, people can carry on with their day-to-day works, but they will experience, elevated mood and irritability. Patients with this type of disorder will experience mania that is less severe.
Cyclothymic disorder: This is a mild form of bipolar disorder. In this type, the highs and lows will not be as severe as the other two types.
The signs and symptoms of this condition will vary from one patient to another. For some, depression will be highly disturbing, while for some mania will be the concern. When it comes to some patients, both these conditions might cause the concern.
What are the other signs?
• Seasonal changes in mood
• Psychosis and
• Rapid cycling bipolar disorder
Generally, when an individual experiences frequent mood swings, it is recommended to seek medical help or psychiatric help.