Complications in blood donations
Since the human body has complicated system with huge anatomical delicacies, any sort of handling human body that also when it is about blood, it is obvious it should be taken care of to avoid every sort of delicacies. The complications may become minor to major with serious repercussions.
Who are the most vulnerable?
Women, teenagers and the first time donors are the most vulnerable to experience the complications after donating blood. According to some survey, 2 per cent of the donors had some reactions or complications of blood donations. However, it was found that almost all the reactions were minor. As per the survey, out of 194,000 donations, only one case had suffered a long term complications. Keeping this episode in mind it is to be noted that it is mandatory in the USA that all the blood banks are to report any blood donation related death.
What can be the complications?
The first to be mentioned among the possible complications is Hypovolemic reactions. The reason has been studied to be the significant change in the blood pressure. Because of this problem the donor may face some complications.
The other common problem noticed is fainting. The problem is one of the worst problems related to blood donations.
Bruising is the most commonly known post blood donation complications.
Some other complications are also involved in blood donations, such as phlebotomy. In most of the cases the needle insertion in the larger arm causes much trouble for the donors who suffer from bruising. Other than this there are some other common causes of bruising. They are as below:-
Among the other common causes are delayed bleeding, arterial puncture, nerve irritation, tendon injury, nerve injury, allergic reactions and thrombophlebitis.
In some cases while collecting blood for apheresis, the donors react to sodium citrate, the chemical that prevents the blood for getting clotted. Actually in this process, anticoagulant is returned to the donor along with other components in the returned blood. The problem arises due to binding of calcium in the blood of the person donating the precious item, causing hypocalcaemia.
The effect of hypocalcaemia
Hypocalcaemia can cause seizure, hypertension, convulsions or more serious problems, including tingling in the lips.
During apheresis procedure the donor gets back the red blood cells. In this procedure there may be a manual procedure or even the donor can be compensated the red blood cells from another donor, the reaction, if occurs, is known as transfusion reaction. To be expressive, there is rare occasion when manual apheresis procedure is undertaken in the developed world. The reason is least risk factor and the automated system as safe as whole blood transfusion.
What can be the preventive measures against side effects?
Calcium supplements are sometimes given to the donors during the drawing session, so that no side effect can occur.
The final risk factors to the blood donors
The final risk factors to the donors may be from the equipment, which might not be rightly sterilised. It is a medical ethics that the equipment which remain directly connected with the blood are destroyed immediately after use. According to some factual information, China had experienced 250,000 donors of blood plasma had the unwanted trouble of HIV exposure due to sharing of equipment during 1990s.