Common Respiratory Conditions & Their Causes

Experts are of the opinion that respiratory problems can be caused due to a number of factors, which includes excessive use of antibiotics, inactive and stressful lifestyle, food toxins and allergies, poor quality diet, smoking, pollution, viral and bacterial infections. Not only for life itself, breathing is essential for quality life as well. So, it becomes important to understand the reasons behind the most common respiratory conditions. Here are the four common respiratory conditions and their reasons to know:

Hay fever:

Hay fever, which is otherwise called as allergic rhinitis creates a swelling in the nasal mucous membranes that may be chronic or seasonal. Some of the typical symptoms of this condition include itching of throat, nose and eyes, nasal congestion, sneezing and mucous discharge. This fever is the result of antibody-type immune response that follows exposure to allergens like some medications, certain foods mold spores, pet dander, dust, pollen and even fragrances. It can cause chronic fatigue, headaches, swelling, breathing difficulties, digestive issues, eczema and hives. When an individual has hay fever, his/her immune system is activated by the virus or bacteria. When the immune system becomes weak due to virus and bacteria, it will begin to overreact, thereby leading to respiratory problems.

Asthma:

Asthma is a common condition, wherein the smooth muscles that surround the tinier air passages into the lungs go into spasms. This will result in the bronchial passageway to become narrow, thereby making it difficult for the air to flow in and out of the lungs. The reason for this issue is the higher level of mucus membrane production that blocks the bronchioles. Generally, this respiratory issue will present itself through an asthma attack. This condition will generally begin with a cough that does not produce any mucus and this will be followed by an increase in breathing difficulty. Experts are of the opinion that many environmental agents and allergic reactions can lead to asthma like smoke, pollution, detergents, pet skin, mildew, dirt and pollen. Of course, weakened immune system is the common cause for these issues as well.

Pneumonia:

Otherwise referred to as severe swelling of lungs, this condition is stated as a leading infectious cause of death in children from around the globe. Reports state that nearly 15% of deaths among children are happening due to this health issue, particularly for kids less than 5 years of age. This health issue is caused due to a number of infectious agents like fungi, bacteria and virus. Some of the symptoms of pneumonia include chills, shivering and fever, difficulty in breathing, cough and chest pain. This condition is most common during winter months and generally seen in individuals with compromise in the healthy functioning of immune system. Generally people with chronic lung diseases and worst illnesses and also people using immunosuppressive drugs are known to get pneumonia easily.

Sinusitis:

This is the fourth common respiratory condition, which is nothing, but a swelling of mucous membranes in the sinus cavities. Sinus infection can be caused due to a number of external triggers like cold air, dry air, air pollution and tobacco smoke.

 

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