Have you inherited any of these skin diseases-? If yes, you are the right candidate to know more about the diseases and the types
3) Contact Dermatitis
Know about contact dermatitis
Both the terms ‘eczema’ and ‘dermatitis’ are the same in their characteristics, hence either of the terms can be used in this article, but the term ‘dermatitis’ is being used here.
In simple meaning dermatitis is a skin inflammation and as the disease is easily transmittable by contacts, it is known as ‘contact dermatitis’ or ‘contact eczema’. The problem is caused by the environmental issues (not people to people).
Causes of contact dermatitis
Two main groups i.e. allergens and irritants are the two environmental things to cause dermatitis. Irritants include solvents and detergents having the capacity of stripping the skin of natural oil and so causing dermatitis to flare up because of frequent protection less contacts. This skin condition of ‘skin change’ is known as irritating contact dermatitis. The amounts of a person’s exposure to irritants determine the type & severity of contact dermatitis. The persons who are constantly exposed to wet work are the common victims of this dermatitis disease. The persons engaged in catering trades, bars, hairdressing, clothe washing and nursing are the prominent ones to encounter the problem.
Allergens are proactively dominant for developing specific reactions, when a person has to often contact them. Materials like perfumes or preservatives, nickel, rubber etc.
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In some cases, proteins in vegetables and fruit immediately react to some people, leading to itchy skin swelling. The name of this type is contact hives or contact urticarial. The aggravated form of this condition is known as dermatitis. The disease cannot be caught from nor can be spread to someone.
Hereditary linkage of the dermatitis problem
The people who have the tendency to hay fever, eczema and asthma are more easily prone to dermatitis, if compared with others. The problem runs through families.
Symptoms of the problem
The commonest symptom of dermatitis is itching. The problem can be intense, causing the skin to become painful with cracks and also with sores. The problem may develop over the finger backs and affect the hands as the disease progress.
The appearance of dermatitis
Hands, legs, face and arms are the commonest areas of dermatitis problemOr it can be also said that 50 per cent of the descendants may inherit the problem.
Who are affected by this condition?
Both men and women are equally affected by this problem, but the severity of the problem may vary from family to family. That means although the disease runs through the families but the severity of the problem is never inherited.
What are the signs one can observe in this Darer’s disease?
1) The most common sign is itching
2) The moist areas will smell unpleasantly. The reason is, perhaps, extraordinary number of skin bacteria’s growth in the affected areas
3) Rashes surface coupled with their embarrassing smell
4) Rough topped & light brownish bumps develop on the surface of the skin.
5) Some patients experience unbearable situation with the sun and sunlight
6) Some women experience the worsening condition during their periods
25 per cent of the patients feel the improved conditions with the progression of their age.
How does the Darier’s disease look?
Children and Young people between the ages 6 and 20 are mostly the victims of the Darier’s disease. Severity of the problem is varying. The problem is completely unpredictable. Rashes, at the initial stage, often develop on upper back, neck and chest. Watery bumps may surface at any part of the body, especially under the skin of the breasts. People do not experience much trouble in their face because skin near the hairline and the forehead become the main affected areas.
The blisters split easily and are rather fragile. They appear to be dirty as if the part is bitten. Long red and white lines are obviously visible, running across the length of the nails. Flat warts on the hands’ backside and/or nail changing are often seen in the childhood. These symptoms are well before any other appearances of symptoms of skin changes. Palms of the hands are found with pits and hard skin, while sometimes the same problems are visible on the feet-soles. In some cases, some small spots are found in the mouth, which may cause rough feeling around the roof of the mouth.
Diagnosis of the problem
Once the rash surfaces, diagnosing the Darier’s disease becomes easier. The other indicator is it is hereditary; people become victims of their parent’s disease. For the confirmation, a biopsy is done by taking a small piece of skin (through local anaesthesia) and microscopically examining it.
Is Darier’s disease curable?
No, till date no cure has been identified. However, there are different ways of controlling it.
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