As you have visited this page, you might already be aware of the discomfort associated with IBS or Irritable Bowel Syndrome. For instance, frequent trips to the bathroom, bloating and cramping can come on seemingly without any warning for people with this issue. There need not be any worry as reports stated that about 10-15 percent of adults experience this condition at some point in their lives, but only half of them are diagnosed to have IBS. When you keep yourself aware of the causes and risk factors associated with this condition, you can bring down the frequency and outbreaks and can take preventive steps as well.
There is no still proper evidence showing that a particular cause leads to IBS, but many are of the opinion that it is the result of both physical and mental health factors. However, here are the details about some common causes of IBS:
Brain-gut signal problems:
When messages sent from the brain to the intestines are not properly taken to the intestines, they will begin to behave differently during the process of digestion, thereby leading to cramping.
GI Motor issues:
The ability of colon to move during digestion in some patients can become too slow, thereby leading to constipation or when it becomes too fast, it will head to diarrhea.
As compared to those with higher tolerance to pain, those with lower pain threshold may feel higher level of cramping and bloating.
Mental health issues:
Stress can generally alleviate physical ailments and there is no exception to IBS as well. Many doctors suggest that there is a link between panic attacks, depression and IBS.
IBS symptoms can also be caused due to bacterial infection within the intestines.
Many women experience worsened IBS symptoms particularly during menstrual period. This is why experts establish a connection between reproductive hormones and IBS. This theory is also supported by the fact that most women experience reduced IBS symptoms after menopause.
The other causes of IBS include good sensitivity, genetics, hormones, and the common problem causing foods are foods rich in carbohydrates, overly fatty foods, dairy products, spicy foods, alcohol and coffee. The reason is that the intestines are not able to properly absorb some components present in these foods.
When talking about the risk factors associated with IBS, it is stated that people living in certain demographics are at the higher risk. The following category of people is stated as higher risk categories:
• Those under the age of 35 years are known to be at higher risk as people experience early symptoms before 35 years.
• Women are known to experience IBS in larger number as against men.
• Those with family history of IBS are known to be at higher risk. For instance, if a parent or sibling has this condition, the individual has higher chances of getting IBS.
However, researchers could not find whether the family connections are because of the genetics or because of shared environment or a combination of both.