Kidneys are really important organs, study it carefully, before any wrong touches you
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Kidneys are really important organs, study it carefully, before any wrong touches you

Kidneys in our life and about our body wastes

The sole excretory organ a human body has is the kidneys. Excretion means removal of our body wastes. A large variety of substances are created by our body metabolisms that exclude energy. Our organs, tissues and cells cause a large number of chemical reactions in kind of “metabolic waste”. Some of the end-products and by-products of metabolic wastes are toxic. The toxic products need to be removed from our body to avoid poisoning of our body-tissues. These excretory products are removed from our body as our body wastes. The excretion task is mainly done by our kidneys.

The kidneys

Kidneys, are normally in pair (one on each side of our spinal column), situated below the diaphragm and at the back of our abdomen. The shapes of kidneys are like beans.

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In normal condition, the position of the right kidney is slightly lower than the left one, because of the position of our liver. The perennial fat, a thick layer of adipose tissues surround each one of the kidneys as protection-help. The kidneys are surrounded, enclosed and protected by an outer layer or a renal capsule, which is a transparent, smooth, fibrous membrane to help to maintain the kidneys’ shape and also to protect it from any damage. Filtering impurities from blood is the prime function of kidneys. These filtered impurities come out of our body as urine.

Kidney failure and the repercussions

In case kidneys fail all the body wastes (solid and liquid) start accumulating in our body, endangering our health. The fallout of this body condition will lead to positioning of our body which may be even life threatening. In this stage immediate medical intervention is a must.

Kidney functions

The weight of the kidneys is just the half percent of our total body weight. Our body’s total arterial blood’s Ð 20-25 per cent, pumped by our heart, and is received by our kidneys. Because of this huge amount of blood supply in it, our kidneys carry on following functions:

 Keeps the various ion concentrations and other crucial substances constant

 Maintain the body fluids’ balance

 Removes wastes from the bodyDrink plenty of waters to help your entire body systems to work properly.

 Be regular in checking your kidney functioning.

 Keep monitoring your blood pressures. The most common cause of kidney damages is high blood pressure. That is why people with a single kidney may develop high blood pressures.

 Be careful about those medications that cause blood pressures. So always remain in touch with your physician.

 People with single kidney may suffer from proteinuria body condition when too many proteins get leaked from blood to the urine. In this condition, kidney’s filtering functions get decreased. The patients with this problem may have swellings in hands, abdomen, face, feet, while the urine will become foamy. The prevention of proteinuria needs your dietician’s advice and doctor’s consultation.

 Always protect your kidneys and be careful about selecting those activities or sports that may be harmful to you.

 Keep checking with the symptoms of kidney failure. If you have any of the (below mentioned) symptoms, you must get medical help, sooner the better.

Causes of kidney failure

The causes of kidney failure may be either from chronic problems or from acute situations.

 In case the kidney failure is acute, the body functions of the patient are lost very rapidly. This may be due to varieties of insults to the body. The examples are accidents, loss of huge blood either for complicated surgery or accident. Certain medication, poisoning and obstructions may also be the causes. Acute kidney failure always leads to many serious problems even up to loss of kidney functions permanently.

 It is often seen that development of kidney problems are always slow, but over time it become irreversible. This stage is known as chronic kidney failure. In this stage urine output and kidney functions decline gradually over time. In many cases, the patients remain ignorant about the problem; the reason is kidneys are very much adaptable even in that situation when one of the kidneys may have stopped working completely. The other kidney will compensate the loss and become more active.

The next part of this article will detail about other important information you need to know about kidney…….. to be continued....

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# Dr. Pooja Older than three months
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Reply | Reply with quote | Quote