Do your nails indicate any odd? Consult your doctor before any serious problem disturbs you
Nail Diseases mean indications of several serious diseases. The diseases may be anything like heart, lung, liver, kidney, anemia etc. diseases or even diabetes
Both the fingernails and toenails protect the tissues of our fingers and toes. Nails are made up of keratin, layers of hardened protein. Our hair and skin are also made up of keratin. The health of our nail indicates to our overall health. If our nail is healthy, it will be both smooth and consistent in colour. In case the colour of our nails are not consistent or discoloured or has retarded growth, they are the indications of kidney, heart, lung or liver disease. However, if you have vertical ridges or white spots, they are harmless.
Nail problems that require treatment
i) Ingrown nails
ii) Fungal and Bacterial infections
Why & How to take care of your nails?
Keep your nails trimmed, clean and dry. This will help you in avoiding many problems. Take care of not removing the cuticles; else you may have some infections.
Some facts about the growth of your nail
The growth of fingernails is faster than toenails. This happens in the dominant hands. The growth of fingernail, on an average, is 3.5 mm (millimetres) per month. While the growth of toenails, on an average, is 1.6 mm per month.
Heredity, activity level, time of year and age are the determining factors for the growth of nails. Men’s nails grow faster than women, except during the pregnancy.
If compared with the winter, summer is the time for the faster growth of nails.
The reasons of hamper in your nail growth
Medications, trauma, disease, nutrition, fever, aging process and chronic illness are the reasons for growth hamper of nails.
Nail problem and what it means
Among all dermatological problems, nail constitutes to be 10 per cent of the conditions. The general state of our health is reflected by our nails. Thickening or discolouration of nails indicates about some health problem like heart and lung conditions, liver and kidney diseases, anemia and diabetes.
Symptoms of nail problems:-
Changes in shape, thickness, colour, swelling of the skin around the nails, pain, discharge and bleeding are the symptoms of nail diseases. Nail problems may affect a person throughout the life of a person, it may aggravate during the superannuating age.
50 per cent of all nail disorders are from fungal infections. The toenails are the more common reasons for these fungal infections. The reasons are toes are mostly confined to moist, warm and weight-bearing environment.
Types of nail diseases
Although few cases are there, melanomas’ growth are seen under the nails. They are often mistaken for some type of injury. In case any dark-coloured streak is visible in your nail plate, consulting a dermatologist at the earliest is the best step. You must neither allow the nail to be discoloured nor get the size of the streak increased.
Common nail problems
• White spots following any injury to the nail
• Splinter haemorrhage or the vertical lines under the nails are due to nail injury / diseases / drug abuse
• Because of injury, finger sucking, nail biting some bacterial infections, frequent exposure to water or poor skin hygiene you may get bacterial infection.
• Another nail problem is ingrown toe nails. This caused when nails are not trimmed properly, or due to tight shoes or due to digestive problem.
How to keep your nails healthy?
Always keep your nails clean and dry, so that you can prevent any type of bacteria getting collected under the nail.
Your nails must be cut straight across and slightly rounded in the centre. By practicing so, your nails will be not only strong; they will also be free from causing ingrown toenails.
In case toe nails are difficult to cut or really thick, use warm salt water for soaking them for five to ten minutes and apply lactic acid cream or urea for softening your nails for trimming them.
Wearing proper fitting or alternative shoes on a regular basis will help you. Tight shoes are the causes of ingrown toenails.
In-grown toenails are never advised to be self- treated
Never to bite your fingernails. Biting nails means inviting infectious organism from the fingers to mouth. Nail biting means skin around the finger may get damaged and remain susceptible to future infections.
Diabetic patients or the people with poor circulation are more likely to be the victims of nail problem. Dermatologists must be shown the problem just at the sight of the problem
Safety of nail in salon
Modern days are marked by beauty consciousness. Both male and female are equally crazy to frequent their preferred salons. That is why salons also follow strict guidelines in terms of sanitations. Even then, consumers are expected to make sure that the salon he/she visits duly maintains the cleanliness with their implements and the technicians there wash their hands between the clients.
The people who like to get frequent pedicure and manicure should bring their own implements.
As a consumer, you should never allow any technician in the salon to either cut or pushback your cuticle. If not cared properly, this may cause infection.
Any time if you feel like burning or itching sensation, allergic symptoms etc. do not hesitate to show the problem to your dermatologist.