Other causes of “Low Blood Pressure”
Ø The reaction of “vasovagal” can be temporary to even to the healthy person, but with the symptoms like fainting, slow heart rate and also low blood pressure. Causes like pain or emotions of fear such as having blood drawn, gastrointestinal upset or starting an intravenous infusion can also typically cause vasovagal reaction. Autonomic or involuntary nervous system can cause vasovagal reactions, with special reference to vagus nerve that releases hormones that widens the blood vessels and slows down the heart rate. In addition to controlling digestive tract functions, vague nerves also sense the digestive systems’ activities. These causes of vasovagal reactions may also happen to some people with the symptoms like straining at vomiting or at bowel movements.
Ø Orthostatic (Postural) hypotension means a sudden drop in blood pressure when squatting, standing up from a sitting position or lying (supine) position. Gravity causes settling of blood in the legs’ veins -- as a person stands up. In this time less blood comes back to the heart to pump to the arteries and veins, this in turn causes low blood pressure. During the drop in blood pressure, our body responds in an automatic way and increases the rate of heart beat. This condition normally narrows down the veins to send back more blood to the heart for all the normal persons.
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Postural hypotension’s other causes are adrenal insufficiency, dehydration, prolonged bed rest and certain rare neurological syndromes like Shy-Drager syndrome which is responsible for autonomically causing damages to nerves and diabetes.
In some cases, young healthy people also become the victim of postural hypotension. The blood pressure and heart rate may drop to any one after prolong standing. This may cause often fainting, nausea and dizziness. The affected individuals will get wrong responses from the nervous systems. With this condition, a person’s heart, after prolonged standing, will be directed to slow down. The veins in this condition will dilate, which will result in removal of blood from circulation in the arteries.
Ø Micturition syncope refers to blood pressure drop in a temporary way, in addition to consciousness loss when passing urine. The condition is mostly seen among the elderly patients. The problem is due to hormone release, causing low blood pressure.
Ø Insufficient Adrenal is the result of Addison's disease But the underlying problems with midodrine are increase in blood pressure while in upright position. However, too high blood pressure can be observed while in the supine position. This condition increases the risks of strokes. Some researches from the authentic medical institute in USA have suggested that medications for treating myasthenia gravis i.e. muscle weakness are Mestinon or pyridostigmine. The side effects of these medicines (Mestinon or pyridostigmine) increase blood pressure only in the upright position and not in supine position. Pyridostigmine is used for treating as anticholinesterase medication for the patients in the standing position and has the problem of autonomic nervous system. The side effects of the medicine are increased frequency of bowel movements or minor abdominal cramping.
o If a patient is suffering from postprandial hypotension, he or she has low blood pressure. The occurrence of this problem is mostly seen after the meals. To treat this problem, indomethacin (Indocin) or Ibuprofen (Motrin) will be the best option.
o The treatment of Vasovagal syncope can be done through various types of beta blockers types of drugs. Other selected serotonin reuptake inhibitors like escitalopram oxalate (Lexapro), fluoxetine (Prozac), paroxetine (Paxil), citalopram (Celexa), sertraline (Zoloft) and fluvoxamine (Luvox) can also be used for treating the problem. The drugs may also include Inderal LA) and propanolol (Inderal). Dehydration preventive drug like Fludrocortisone (Florinef) can also treat kidneys for retaining water. The alternative to the drug therapy, for some patients, is the pacemaker.
o There is no proof of natural remedies. However, herbs like aniseed, ginger, rosemary, pepper and cinnamon are found to be beneficial in some cases. But never take any herb without consulting your doctor.
o Most noteworthy point is if you intake extra salt in your diet, you are inviting heart failure. The best suggestion is consult your doctor for your salt intake.
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