What are the risk factors of liver disease? Are they really avoidable?

What are the risk factors of  liver disease?

There are many risks attached with the liver disease. They are:

1) Some of the liver diseases are very much preventable, because they are connected to the choices of our life styles. One of them is alcohol related liver disease. The cause of the disease is excessive consumptions of alcohol. This disease is created and nurtured by the victim. So by changing the life styles, the risk factor can be avoided.

2) Hepatitis-B is caused due to exchange of our body fluids. The most common is the sexual intercourses without any protection. The other prominent causes are sharing of unsterilized syringes / equipment. Body piercing or Tattoos are the go of the day. Hardly anyone insists to change the needle before getting his/her body pierced.

3) Genetically passed liver diseases are commonly found from generation to generations. Wilson's disease or abnormalities of copper metabolism and also the iron overload i.e. hemochromatosis are the examples of these hereditary causes.

4) Different types of chemical exposures can also lead to the liver cells’ irritations, resulting to inflammation or hepatitis. The other complications may be accumulations of steatosis or triglycerides and reduction in flow of bile through the liver.

5) Chemicals like anabolic steroids, carbon tetrachloride and vinyl chloride can cause liver cancers.

6) Overdose of Tylenol or Acetaminophen is considered as the liver failure’s common cause. Hence dozing guidelines of the doctors are important to be followed. If any negligence prevails over, the result will be troubling.

7) Some of the medications are responsible for either formation of thrombosis or blood clots or irritating blood vessels. Many birth control pills are responsible for causing hepatic vein thrombosis; the victims are mostly the smokers.

Symptoms of liver disease

The most common liver diseases are

i) Vomiting

ii) Nausea

iii) Right upper quadrant abdominal pain

iv) Fatigue

v) Jaundice

vi) weight loss

vii) Many types of liver diseases are not diagnosed until they are at last stage, even up to the stage of liver failure.

The examples of such types of no-symptoms or last stage diagnosis are:

viii) Patients with gallstones will experience pain in the right upper abdomen after eating any fatty / greasy meal. The gallbladder infection will symptomize fever.

ix) Gilbert's disease also does not symptomize anything. Some incidental findings through blood test can indicate the problem, provided the bilirubin level is slightly high in the test.

x) Patients with cirrhosis will be progressively come to know about the problem of gradual liver failures. Some symptoms have direct relations with the liver’s failure to metabolize the waste products from our body. Many other symptoms reflect about the liver’s inability to produce required protein for our body. This situation may also affect the brain functions, secondary sex characteristics, blood clotting function of the liver.

xi) Cirrhosis or abnormalities in liver functions-affected person will symptomize their body conditions as:

a) Itching on skin, due to the accumulation of bile salts.

b) Due to the reduced manufacturing of clotting factors, occurrences of easy bruising will be there.

c) ED (erectile dysfunction) or impotence, shrinking testicles and poor sex drive are the symptoms because of decreased functions of sex hormones.

d) Enlarged breasts or gynecomastia in men are the occurrences, due to the imbalances in sex hormones. In this case, especially estradiol gets increased.

e) If there is a rise in ammonia level in the blood stream, some may be the victims of lethargy or confusion. Ammonia is formed from the protein metabolism and is a waste product. Normally liver cells remove them.

f) In case protein production decreases, fluid accumulation will be there in the abdominal cavity. The condition is known to be ascites.

g) Due to reduced protein production, muscle wasting will be the eventuality. The additional complications will be like, enhanced pressure ion the cirrhotic liver, which will lead to disturbances in the blood flow via liver. Once there is elevated pressure in the portal vein, the blood flow to the liver will get reduced, resulting to swelling of blood vessels. In this condition, varices i.e. swollen veins from around the oesophagus and stomach will be the resultants, which will lead to excessive bleeding.







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