Lupus is an auto-immune condition that affects many people from around the world. Generally, the immune system in the human body is responsible for protecting the body against external invaders like bacteria and virus. But, for patients with auto-immune diseases, the immune system with mistakenly attack the body and begins to cause damages to the healthy organs and tissues. This condition can cause problems to the skin, blood vessels, nervous system and the kidneys.
This condition is classified into different types and each of its type causes different symptoms in patients. The most common type is systemic lupus erythematosus, shortly called as SLE. This condition can affect different parts of the body inclusive of the arteries, brain, lungs and kidneys. Another type called as Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus (CLE) generally affects the skin. Neonatal lupus is another rare type that arises in carrying moms and this type can affect create rash, liver problems and even heart defects and the growing baby.
Generally, people with this condition get symptoms similar to flu. They will experience fever and headaches and they will feel extremely tired. Their joints become painful and swollen. As these symptoms are similar to that of thyroid issues, fibromyalgia and arthritis, it is generally difficult to diagnose lupus. Due to the vague symptoms, this condition is generally referred to as the ‘great imitator’.
Weaknesses and joint pains:
Most of the people with this condition will experience joint weakness and pain. Mostly the discomfort is caused because of the inflammation that is triggered by this condition. People generally feel pain and stiffness in their joints and this condition can also make the muscles weak, particularly those present in upper arms, shoulders, thighs and pelvis get affected. In addition, this condition can trigger carpal tunnel syndrome, which causes numbness and pain in hands and fingers.
The type that affects the skin, generally comes in different forms and causes varied kinds of rashes. The patients with this type will experience coin-shaped red and scaly rash on the ears, nose and cheeks. Even though, the rash will not hurt or create itchy feeling, but once it is cured, it will create skin discoloration. When this rash appears on the scalp, it will lead to hair loss and even permanent hair loss can happen in some patients.
Some patients might get scaly red patches or ring-shaped rashes in parts of the body that are exposed to the sun. Some patients will experience more sensitivity to the Sun and so these patients are recommended to be careful, when they are under fluorescent lights or when they get out of their homes during sunny season.
Some patients might experience butterfly-like rash on the face. As it looks like butterfly, it is given this name. It generally spreads across the nose and spreads out on both cheeks. Even, this type of rash can appear on other parts of the body that are exposed to the sun and this rash will be sensitive to light.