Role of family members in controlling high blood pressure
A person with high blood pressure is a matter for worry for many, if not for all in the family. Anyone in the family with high blood pressure must be under medication and also be sincere to the healthy lifestyles. It is known to all that high blood has no remedy, it can be brought to the controlled level—that is all one can do by maintaining healthy lifestyles and remaining under constant medication. So, one affected person in the family can be the matter for worry for the entire family.
What is the problem with the blood pressure?
Because of high blood pressure, the blood vessels become narrower or stiff. This forces the heart to pump hard for circulating blood throughout the body.
How is blood pressure measured?
For measuring blood pressure, two pressure numbers are noted. One is the systolic pressure i.e. upper number and the other is diastolic pressure number i.e. the bottom number. For any adult, if the blood pressure is recorded at 140/90 or higher, the person is having high blood pressure.
How should be the frequency of checking your blood pressure?
Minimum once in a year you must check your blood pressure. In case your pressure is too high or too low, you must not restrict to single time checking. In this case your doctor will guide you the number of times you need to check your blood pressure.
Number of patients of high blood pressure in USA
In USA alone, 50 million people are affected with this problem.
What is the cause of high blood pressure?
In most cases the cause of high blood pressure is unknown, but many factors are there to cause high blood pressure. They are:
Race: Afro-Americans have high blood pressure. The number and the severity are more than the whites residing there.
Obesity: Those who are overweight will be having high risk of having high blood pressure.
Age: As you age, you will tend to be the victim of high blood pressure.
Alcoholic: If you are alcoholic, you must distance yourself from the addiction. Never try to increase your amount. Excessive alcohol intake means you are the victim of high blood pressure.
Heredity: High blood pressure runs throughout the generations
Excess amount of dietary salt: If you are habitual in taking too much of salt in your diets, you are inviting high blood pressure
Lack of exercise: Any one, leading inactive life will be most likely to be the victim of high blood pressure.
Gender: Until 45 in age, men are the most of the victims, if compared with women. If the age is between 45 and 54, both the sexes are likely to be the victims. After 54, the situation just reverses; in this age more women are found to be the victims of high blood pressure, if compared with the number of males being affected with high blood pressure.
Oral contraception: Those women who take contraceptive pills are more likely to be the victims. The matter worsens with those who are smokers. Now a day, many women are practicing oral contraceptives for different reasons. Many women are becoming habitual smokers, when these women become pregnant and side by side develop high blood pressure, they become more vulnerable than the males.
Other diseases: If a person has chronic kidney disease, he is most likely to be the victim of high blood pressure.
How to be sure that you are also / or not the victim of high blood pressure along with your family member?
Since high blood pressure remains silent years after years without causing any symptoms, it is well known as the silent killer, because it kills but does not symptomize. So to be sure about the problem, you are to check your pressure at regular interval, at least once in a year.
Why high blood pressure is serious?
If high blood pressure is not controlled, it can create serious problem. High blood pressure can damage many organs of your body. Other than anything, due to blood pressure, you heart will have extra workload. Over time, with this problem, your heart will enlarge and get weaker. Once the heart is weak, there will be extra risk of stroke; the concurrent effect will be damage to your kidneys. If blood pressure is carefully controlled, the risk of any further complications will be reduced. That is why it is very important that you and your family members follow the doctor’s advice, and if anyone is already the sufferer, never avoid any medication.
Changes in life styles for controlling blood pressure
Among the changes in life styles are cutting down salt intake, losing extra weight and practicing regular exercise will be the finest of the measures for the high blood pressure patients. Those who are alcoholic must restrain themselves to a very limited quantity and number of times of alcohol intake. Other than changes in life styles, regular medicines are also essential for controlling high blood sugar.
The best treatments for high blood pressure
The doctors can guide you the best about the condition of the patient and the severity of the problem. Different tests, physical examination and the patient’s needs also help in diagnosing the problem.
Because of a single person, should the whole family consider them as the blood pressure patients?
To make it an ideal lifestyle, each family member should follow a unique lifestyle, not as blood pressure patient but as the participant of a healthy family diet program. This will benefit the whole family.
How does quitting smoking help in reducing high blood sugar?
Persons with high blood pressure risk more their life if they are smokers too. These types of persons rather complicate their healing systems and suffer more from the diseases like strokes and heart attacks. Quitting smoking is difficult for those candidates whose other family members also smoke. If one stops the other may not. But any self-determined person can quit smoking at first and let the other members to follow him, by setting the example.
How does diet help in controlling high blood pressure?
The amount of excessive fat and salt needs to be reduced for everyone in the family, so that the risks of many diseases especially the high blood pressure can be prevented. If healthy meals are fixed, it can help in avoiding any unwanted type of health problem in the family, especially where high blood pressure is already a health problem. Once the entire family follows healthy food, the blood pressure affected person will also practice the same.
It will be good if the family members visit the dietician with the patient, for planning the meals for the family. In this way both the patient and the family member can know about the need of the diet. The dietician will not only guide about the diets, he/she will also advise the patient and the family members about the right quantity to be taken, so that high blood pressure can be controlled.
Role of exercise in controlling high blood sugar
Through exercise, a person can improve upon his/her look and feelings. Exercise also reduces stress and brings in better family health. Exercise can be a full family activity. This will be an enjoyable piece of action and making use of free time of all the family members together. All the members, regardless of their age, can walk, swim and bicycle together. If possible, all can join a gym or such an activity which can be played together; soft ball or bowling league is the example.
In case your family members who have high blood pressure but do not take medicine
Each member of a family must be supportive to each other, but the person with high blood pressure must not wait for others in administering the prescribed medicine. Special pill boxes are helpful in remembering the doses and their timings. This will not only help the patient to take the medicine, but the other members will also have a look at the pill box for the cautious checking of the doses. Alarms and beeper in these days of electronic gadgets are of great help for the reminders.
What may be the excuses for the patients not taking the medicines?
• Patient may feign to be sick
• Patients may question about the efficiency of the pills
• Patients may develop some signs of new symptoms after taking the medicine. Some may site about sex life disturbance, some may site about headache, some may experience tiredness etc.
• The most appalling excuse (sometimes true) is the affordability
Whatever may be the reason, if you are not following the doctor’s advice, you are causing more harm and finally the trouble will land you in dangerous situation. Blood pressure medicines are not to be stopped. Family members must encourage the patient to follow the doctor’s prescription. In case of any issue, it should be discussed with open mind both with the family members and the doctor for coming to a solution. If the issue is side effects, it is the doctor who can prescribe the alternative medicine. Keeping open mind can bring all the solutions. All the family members must remain open to the discussions and the patient must also reciprocate in an open manner.
How should family members care for themselves?
A patient in a family is always the cause for concern for others. In many occasions, the other members remain worried for serving the patients and question whether they could have served better or not. The family members get frustrated or become angry if the patient does not cooperate with the others in the family. If the health condition of the patient worsens in future, it may equally disturb the other members of the family. Discussing about these worries is not vague. The patient can go out and talk to the friends to feel better. Sometimes friends can also join for any health or exercise program voluntarily. This is a positive angle. Those, who do not get this opportunity or feel alone with the problem, may need to take the help of professional counsellor, as their compulsion.
Keeping concern for any family member with high blood sugar problem is natural for the family members. If all the members are serious about the problem, this indicates about the support and help to the ailing person.
Is there any likelihood of high blood being transmitted from one person to other or one generation to other?
The actual causes of high blood pressure are still unknown, but enough evidences are there that confirm the problem may run through families. So other members must get their blood pressure checked at regular intervals.
Does high blood pressure have any other allied problems for the patient?
Yes, if high blood pressure is not rightly controlled, it can give birth to other problems, such as kidney disease and strokes. It is always important that the patient is regularly visiting the doctor and following his/her advice. This practice is good for keeping the high blood pressure under control. Family members are expected to take note of the following danger lines, if the blood pressure is not under control:
Heart attack: The problem is symptomized by pressure in the chest and/or chest pain. This may spread to neck, shoulder or arms. Some patients feel shortness of breath while some others complain about fainting sensations. A few others have the problems of sweating or feeling sick of stomach.
Kidney disease: Patients of high blood pressure may have the pain in lower back, increased needs of urination, swelling in the hands & neck. A few of these patients have the problem of discomfort and burning sensation at the time of urination; a few others have blood in their urine.
Stroke: Some patients with high blood pressure may have numbness or sudden weakness on their face, leg or arm on one side of the body and a few experience sudden loss of vision in one of the eyes. Some other high blood pressure patients have the problem of understanding any speech or difficulty in talking. A few patients may have unsteadiness, sudden falls or dizziness or severe headache.