Continued from Part—4
Speech & language disorder related researches being undertaken
NIDCD (The National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders) has already undertaken a wide ranging research project for in-depth understanding of the subject of language and speech disorders along with the investigations on diagnostic capabilities’ improvement and fine tuning the effective treatments.
The key research in this matter is investigating about finding the better way through which different types of speech delays can not only be diagnosed but also be differentiated in the context of the anomaly.
The strong sample size in the research was 4000 children. The research was conducted by studying these children’s signs and symptoms being reflected through their specific speech disorders. The collected data are being used for developing precise diagnostic tests.
In addition to this, genetic studies are also being researched to know and match between various specific genes and the underlying variations among different genes.
What is the Research output so far?
NIDCD (The National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders) sponsored research has found out that SLI (specific language impairment) is very much linked with one particular genetic variant. SLI is a particular language disorder which can be distinctly understood when minutely studying the children’s dim use of particular words or the other children’s mastery over the same word. Children with SLI are normally found to be delaying their use of words. A distinct genetic mutation is found to be running in some type of families, who have inherited language problems. Further researches are going on to explore the possibilities of the roles of the specific genetic variant. The same variant is suspected to be the cause of other disorders like speech-sound disorders, dyslexia and autism.
A long-term study on the impacts of deafness
A long term study has already proved the impact of deafness on learning disorder and the “rewiring” of the brain in accommodating deafness. The latest research has proved that the adult deaf can react faster than the others with the same problem. The adults’ faster reaction is due to their visualizing the moving objects. The ongoing researches are continuously exploring the “brain plasticity” concept. The “brain plasticity” concept refers to the system of brain getting influenced by the life experiences or health conditions. The other issues of “brain plasticity” is the way “brain plasticity” can be used for developing learning strategy, which in turn can pave the way for speech development and healthy language in the early childhood.
A recent workshop by NIDCD (The National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders) could draw luminaries from medical fraternity autism affected children (within the age bracket 5), without having any functional verbal language. The children were distinctly different from each other. The distinct difference was observed among their patterns, characteristics or the effectiveness of their treatment, their cognitive weakness & strength, response to the standard assessment tests and administered treatment.
A series of presentations were put forward for making the participants to be familiarized with the challenges and to chalk out the remedial measures. The gap between the research findings and actual situation was also studied intensively. The scope of future researches were also kept wide open so that the problem of learning disorder can be effectively addressed to.
Continued to Part--6