Sinus is the cavity or air filled space present within bones of face. They are located in the cheeks (maxillary), forehead (frontal) and around the eyes (ethmoidal).Infection and inflammation of these cavity is called sinusitis.
According to the severity, symptom of sinusitis is divided into two parts, Acute and chronic sinusitis.
Both have similar signs and symptoms, but acute sinusitis is a temporary infection along with cold and flu, where as recurrent attack of acute sinusitis hamper the normal function which lead to chronic sinusitis.
Symptom of sinusitis:
- Thick, yellow discharge from the nose.
- Nasal congestion, causing difficulty in nose breathing.
- Reduction of sense of taste and smell.
- Consistent Pain, tenderness and swelling around eyes, cheeks, nose or forehead.
Some other associated symptoms:
- Ear pain, sore throat
- Aching in your upper jaw
- Bad breath (halitosis)
- And some time nausea
Five factor which increases sinusitis:
- Hay fever or another allergic condition or regular exposure to pollutants such as cigarette smoking that affects your sinuses.
- A nasal passage abnormality, like a deviated nasal septum or nasal polyps.
- Aspirin sensitivity that causes upper respiratory tract symptoms.
- An immune system disorder, such as HIV/AIDS.
- Asthma — about one in five individuals with chronic sinusitis have asthma.
- Allergies or hay fever are the most common cause of chronic sinusitis.
What causes allergy?
Allergies are one of the most common causes of sinusitis. It is caused due to irritation of mucosal lining by some irritant such as pollen, dust, mites etc. These allergies can play crucial role in chronic (long-lasting) or seasonal sinusitis episodes. When these allergen comes in contact of mucosal lining of nasal passage. Due to allergic reaction nasal and sinus (mucus lining) passages become swollen, congested, and inflamed in order to flush out inhaled particles that trigger allergies. This inflammation prevents the usual clearance of bacteria from the sinus cavity, increasing the chances of developing secondary bacterial sinusitis.
Moulds, dust mites and pet dander can cause symptoms year-round where as Pollen are seasonal allergens.
Home remedies for sinus:
1. Stay Hydrated : Drink plenty of luke warm water, vegge soup, no sugar added juices, and hot tea. These fluids will help to thin out mucus which can easily be drain from irritated sinuses. . Avoid the substances which dehydrate your system(such as alcohol, smoking, caffeine and sugar beverages) causing mucus to thicken and clog already inflamed airways.
2. Steam Inhalation : Take few drops of Eucalyptus or Peppermint oil in a bowl and add hot water . Then put your face down over the bowl, drape a towel over the back of your head and inhale the steam. This steam will help to open the sinus opening and break up the thick mucus.
3. Apple Cider Vinegar : Apple Cider Vinegar is a natural ingredient with so many healthy benefits lets use it for sinus as follows:-
- 2-3 tablespoons Apple Cider Vinegar
- a cup of hot water
- few drops of lemon and honey
Mix it well and take three times daily. It will help you to thin out excessive mucus relieving nasal congestion.
4. Regular yoga : Doing Pranayam (yogic breathing) following with Kapal Bhaati (forced exhalation) can help to drain out pollutants from the sinuses.Then there are some ayurvedic therapies to combat sinusitis these therapies should be done in early morning with great concentration.
Best timings of yoga :-
- At 4.30 am- ‘kunjar’, ‘jalneti’ ‘rubberneti’ and‘ghritneti’ .
- At 6.00 am -massage your face, abdomen and spinal cord and then have a foot bath and sponge bath with neem water.
- At 8.00 am, lemon juice with honey or orange juice in half a glass of luke warm water.
5. Nasyam : Ayurveda have described five unique therapies for detoxification of body. Nasya Karma or Nasyam is one of them. It has been highly successful in treating Sinusitis. In this process a medicated oil or powder is administered through the nostrils after herbal steam inhalation. Average duration of therapy is around 1 – 3 weeks.
Ayurveda remedies for sinusitis: -
- Nardiya Laxmivillas - 1 tab TDS
- Sanjivini vati - 1 tab BD
- Trbhuvankirti ras - 1 tab TDS
- Shad bindu tail/anu tail - 3 drops in each nostril twice a day after steam inhalation.
Ayurveda remedies to boost up immunity: -
Once you have alleviated some of the pain and congestion, you will want to focus on bolstering your immune system to help your body fight off the infection.
- Haridra khand
- Agastastya haritki
- chitrakadi leha
- Vyaghri haritki
Prepared by : Dr Shivani amola