All about Ebola Virus and its fatal illness
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All about Ebola Virus and its fatal illness

All about Ebola Virus and its fatal illness

Ebola virus disease or Ebola hemorrhagic fever is a severe and often deadly illness in humans, caused by the Ebola virus.

The disease has high mortality rate, killig Upto 90% of people who are infected.
The ongoing 2016 west Africa Ebola outbreak is considered to be the largest and the longest outbreak ever recorded of Ebola, killing at least 932 people and infecting more than 1,700 till date since March in Sierra Leone, guinea ,Nigeria and Liberia.

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The world health organization on August 8th 2914 declared the killer Ebola epidemic ravaging parts f West Africa an international health emergency.

Causes
EVD is caused by infection with a virus of the family Filoviridae, genus Ebola virus while there are five identified sub -species of Ebola virus, four viruses cause disease in humans.

They are Bundibugugyo virus, Ebola virus, Sudan virus, Tai Forest virus.

The fifth virus rest on virus is not considered to be disease causing in humans.

How does it spread?
It is still unclear how Ebola is spread.
It is believed that the first patient becomes infected through contact with an infected animal's body fluids.

Human to human transmission can occur though direct contact with the blood. Organs or other body fluids of infected people or exposure to objects such as needles and syringes that have been contaminated with infected secretions.

Ebola can also be transmitted from men who have recovered from diseases through semen as it is infectious for up to 7 weeks.

Infected dead bodies can spread Ebola as they are still infectious.
So mourners who have direct contact with the bossy of decreased person can also get the disease.

Who is most at risk?
Health care workers who do not wear app protective clothing and family members who are in close contact with the infected people or the deceased patients.

Signs and symptoms
Symptoms may occur between 2 and 21 days after the contracting the infection.

Common signs of Ebola include

 

  • Fever
  • Muscle, abdominal and joint pain
  • Sore throat
  • Weakness
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomit or cough up blood
  • Chest pain
  • Difficult breathing and swallowing
  • Rash
  • Hiccups
  • Bleeding inside and outside the body
  • Prevention
  • Currently there is no vaccine viable for humans.


But the infection can be controlled through the use of recommended protective measure such as
Avoid contacting infected blood or the secretions, including from those who are dead.
Using the standard precautions for all the patients in the healthcare setting.

Sterilizing the equipment and wearing the protective clothing including the masks, gloves, gowns and googles.

Washing the hands with soaps or the detergents.
Disinfecting the surroundings.
Isolate people who have Ebola symptoms.
Culling of infected animals, with the cloase supervision of burial or incineration of the carcasses.
Yet not traveling to the areas or the countries where the virus is found is the best way to avoid Ebola.

Vaccine and treatment
No licensed vaccine for EVD is available. Several vaccines are being tested but none are available for the clinical use.
Severally ill patients require the intensive supportive care. Patients are frequently dehydrated and require oral rehydration with solutions containing electrolytes or intravenous fluids.
No special treatment is available. New drugs therapies are being evaluated.

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Comments

0 # Nishith Older than three months
Hii, can you plz tell me,What changes can occur in skin in syphilis patient, also suggest good obstertrician in South Canara ?
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0 # Dr. Naresh Older than three months
Rashes can occur on the skin in the near areas,rashes can be discrete and also symmetrical in nature, Rashes can also be pustular, you can consult with Obstetrician in South Canara.
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0 # Himmat Older than three months
Hi, plz let me know What is the incubation period of Syphilis, also give me the list of good female's specialist in Jhunjhunun ?
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0 # Dr. Naresh Older than three months
Hii, The incubation period can be 10 to 90 days, plz find list of Gynecologist in Jhunjhunun
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0 # Tushar Older than three months
Hello, plz let me know Can gonorrhoea be transmitted to small children, should I consult with good maternity doctor in Daang
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0 # Dr. Naresh Older than three months
yes,this can be transmitted by infected mothers to children, In this case it is called as ophthalmia neonatorum, find list of good doctor-.Obstetrician in Daang
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0 # Himmat Older than three months
Hii, I am from Lower Subansiri, plz let me know What is gonorrhoea ?
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0 # Dr. Naresh Older than three months
Hello, Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the Neisseria gonorrhoea,This disease is caused in the genitourinary tracts, for more details plz visit good gynec in Lower Subansiri, find list of Gynecologist in Lower Subansiri
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0 # Tushar Older than three months
Hello, I am from Sikar, PLz suggest some biochemic remedies for gonorrhoea .
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0 # Dr. Pooja Older than three months
Kali Mur, Natrum Mur, Natrum Sulph, and silicea are few important biochemic emedies in homoeopathy which can be used safely in this case, you can also take advise from gynecologist given here-Gynecologist in Sikar.
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0 # Vaibhav Older than three months
Hello I am from Ramgarh Cantt, My neighbour has been feeling redness and burning in urethral organs, can it be a disease, should she visit gynec?
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0 # Dr. Pooja Older than three months
It can be a simple infection also and a disease also, If after the examination, the presence of gram negative bacteria is seen ,gonorrhoea infection can be thought of, she should visit good women's specialist- find list of Gynecologist in Ramgarh Cantt
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0 # Harikiran Older than three months
Hii, can you plz tell me,What changes can occur in skin in syphilis patient, also suggest good obstertrician in Karimganj ?
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0 # Dr. Pooja Older than three months
Rashes can occur on the skin in the near areas,rashes can be discrete and also symmetrical in nature, Rashes can also be pustular, you can consult with Obstetrician in Karimganj.
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0 # Nishith Older than three months
Can gonorrhoea be caused by the infected towels, also provide the list of good gynecologist in Chandauli?
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0 # Dr. Pooja Older than three months
Gonorrhoea can be transmitted by the infected towels, handkerchiefs of the infected person, But most cases are due to sexual contacts, find here list of good Gynecologist in Chandauli.
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0 # Rohan Older than three months
My friend has been diagnosed with gonorrhoea, Please tell which tests will be advisable, also suggest gynec in Yavatmal ?
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0 # Dr. Pooja Older than three months
VDRL tests should be done every month for 3 consecutive months for detecting syphilis as well as other sexually transmitted diseases,These tests should be conducted at proper times, find good Gynecologist in Yavatmal
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0 # Aarav Older than three months
Hii can you plz tell me, Which fluids can cause or spread syphilis infection, alos give me the list of good gynec in Erode?
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0 # Dr. Pooja Older than three months
Infection from semen, blood or lactation milk can occur and cause syphilis, Infection from blood syringes is very common, Infected mothers can transmit it through their milk also, consult with good Gynecologist in Erode .
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