All about Ebola Virus diseases and its fatal illness
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All about Ebola Virus diseases and its fatal illness

Ebola virus disease or Ebola hemorrhagic fever is a severe and often deadly illness in humans, caused by the Ebola virus.

The disease has high mortality rate, killig Upto 90% of people who are infected.

The ongoing 2016 west Africa Ebola outbreak is considered to be the largest and the longest outbreak ever recorded of Ebola, killing at least 932 people and infecting more than 1,700 till date since March in Sierra Leone, guinea ,Nigeria and Liberia.

The world health organization on August 8th 2914 declared the killer Ebola epidemic ravaging parts of West Africa an international health emergency.

Causes

EVD is caused by infection with a virus of the family Filoviridae, genus Ebola virus while there are five identified sub -species of Ebola virus, four viruses cause disease in humans.

They are Bundibugugyo virus, Ebola virus, Sudan virus, Tai Forest virus.

 

The fifth virus rest on virus is not considered to be disease causing in humans.

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How does it spread?

It is still unclear how Ebola is spread.

It is believed that the first patient becomes infected through contact with an infected animal's body fluids.

Human to human transmission can occur though direct contact with the blood. Organs or other body fluids of infected people or exposure to objects such as needles and syringes that have been contaminated with infected secretions.

Ebola can also be transmitted from men who have recovered from diseases through semen as it is infectious for up to 7 weeks.

Infected dead bodies can spread Ebola as they are still infectious.

So mourners who have direct contact with the bossy of decreased person can also get the disease.

Who is most at risk?

Health care workers who do not wear app protective clothing and family members who are in close contact with the infected people or the deceased patients.

Signs and symptoms

Symptoms may occur between 2 and 21 days after the contracting the infection.

Common signs of Ebola include

Fever

Muscle, abdominal and joint pain

Sore throat

Weakness

Diarrhea

Vomit or cough up blood

Chest pain

Difficult breathing and swallowing

Rash

Hiccups

Bleeding inside and outside the body

Prevention

Currently there is no vaccine viable for humans.

But the infection can be controlled through the use of recommended protective measure such as

Avoid contacting infected blood or the secretions, including from those who are dead.

Using the standard precautions for all the patients in the healthcare setting.

Sterilizing the equipment and wearing the protective clothing including the masks, gloves, gowns and googles.

Washing the hands with soaps or the detergents.

Disinfecting the surroundings.

Isolate people who have Ebola symptoms.

Culling of infected animals, with the close supervision of burial or incineration of the carcasses.

Yet not traveling to the areas or the countries where the virus is found is the best way to avoid Ebola.

Vaccine and treatment

No licensed vaccine for EVD is available. Several vaccines are being tested but none are available for the clinical use.

Severally ill patients require the intensive supportive care. Patients are frequently dehydrated and require oral rehydration with solutions containing electrolytes or intravenous fluids.

No special treatment is available. New drugs therapies are being evaluated.jcomments on

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Comments

# Aarav Older than three months
Hii, I am from Wokha, plz let me know What is gonorrhoea ?
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# Dr. Naresh Older than three months
Hello, Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the Neisseria gonorrhoea,This disease is caused in the genitourinary tracts, for more details plz visit good gynec in Wokha, find list of Gynecologist in Wokha
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# Lakshay Older than three months
Hii, I am from Damoh, Please tell that can moisture be responsible for infections ?
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# Dr. Naresh Older than three months
Hello, good to see that you are from Damoh, yes,that is why u must keep your genital organs clean and dry because moisture can favour infections.
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# Jayesh Older than three months
Hii, can you plz tell me,What changes can occur in skin in syphilis patient, also suggest good obstertrician in Karbi Anglong ?
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# Dr. Naresh Older than three months
Rashes can occur on the skin in the near areas,rashes can be discrete and also symmetrical in nature, Rashes can also be pustular, you can consult with Obstetrician in Karbi Anglong.
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# Aarush Older than three months
Hii can you plz tell me, Which fluids can cause or spread syphilis infection, alos give me the list of good gynec in Khandwa?
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# Dr. Pooja Older than three months
Infection from semen, blood or lactation milk can occur and cause syphilis, Infection from blood syringes is very common, Infected mothers can transmit it through their milk also, consult with good Gynecologist in Khandwa .
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# Lakshay Older than three months
Hii, I am from Amreli, I want to know can cigerrete sharing can lead to syphilis ?
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# Dr. Pooja Older than three months
yes,sharing cigerette,drinking cups,common spoons etc can also lead to syphilis, Generally whenever the fluid of a person who has syphilis is shared,the infection can occur, you should also consult with good Gynecologist in Amreli
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