Calcium Deficiency common in women

For healthy Human body, calcium is also as important as protein and nutrients. Calcium is mineral which is necessary for our body.  Almost every cell of body needs calcium in different ways. Some of are nervous system, muscles, heart and bone. It is essential for a healthy heart

Lack of calcium increases risk of diseases such asosteoporosis and cause calcium deficiency disease, known as hypocalcemia.

Requirement of calcium varies with gender and ages. Women require more calcium as compared to men. Now a day’s calcium deficiency is common in women.

Cause of Calcium deficiency:

AGING: Aging is main cause of this deficiency because with age bone in our body become weak and bone stored large amount of calcium. So with age you require more calcium.

MENOPAUSE IN WOMEN: Women need more calcium than men because menopause in middle age women decline hormone estrogen which causes a women bone weak and thin. Middle age women have to take more doses of calcium in the foods they eat. Consuming more calcium reduce risk of brittle bone disease (osteoporosis) and calcium deficiency disease. During and after menopause, women should consume about 1,500 mg of calcium every day.

DIABETIC MOTHER:  Diabetic mother giving birth to premature babies, mother having problem of low oxygen levels during gestation, have risk of developing neonatal hypocalcemia.

HORMONE DISORDER: The hormone disorder hypoparathyroidism may also cause calcium deficiency disease. People with this condition do not produce enough parathyroid hormone. This hormone controls calcium levels in the blood.

MALNUTRITION: Malnutrition and malabsorption are other causes of calcium deficiency disease.

Symptoms of Calcium Deficiency Disease:

Calcium deficiency in early stage doesn’t have any symptoms but if it is continued it have Severe symptoms:

· memory loss

· muscle spasms

· numbness and tingling in the hands, feet, and face

· depression

· hallucinations

· Cramps

· Joint pains

· Heart palpitations

· Increased cholesterol levels

· Slow pulse rates

· Insomnia

· Impaired growth

· Excessive irritability or nerves

· Brittle nails

· Eczema

· Numbness or tingling of the arms and/or legs

Why calcium is necessary for body?

Bones & Teeth

As we know calcium is important for our body. It plays vital role in the development and maintenance of bone structure and rigidity.

Blood

Some range of calcium is essential for blood. Presence of calcium maintains and allows the cell to be healthy.

Heart

Calcium and magnesium both are needed for maintaining the cardiovascular system properly.

Calcium in body functions in the clotting process, nerve transmission and muscle stimulation, parathyroid hormone function and metabolism of Vitamin D.

Hormones

Calcium also plays a part in secretion of hormones. It affects neurotransmitters, nerve transmission, muscle growth and muscle contraction.

Substances that interfere with the absorption of Calcium:

· Excess amounts of fat, protein or sugar combine with calcium and become an insoluble compound which restricts the absorption of calcium.

· Less Vitamin D intake or excess phosphorus and magnesium restrict the absorption of calcium.

· Insoluble compound formed by combining calcium with Oxalic acid found in chocolate, spinach, beet greens, Swiss chard, soy beans, almonds, cashews, kale and rhubarb

· Large amounts of phytic acid present in unleavened grains may also inhibit absorption by the body.

· Exercise is also necessary for absorption of calcium.

· Physical and emotional stress, excitement, depression and too rapid a flow of food through the intestinal tract hinder the absorption of calcium.

· The parathyroid glands in the neck help adjust the body's storage of calcium. If these glands are not functioning properly, accumulation may occur.

· Some acid are needed for proper assimilation. If acid in some form is not present in the body, the mineral will not be dissolved and therefore cannot be used as needed by the body. Instead it may build up in tissues or joints as deposits, leading to a variety of disturbances.

· Drugs which help in absorption are caffeine, diuretics, fatty acids, fibre oxalates, glucocorticoids, fluoride, losec, Mylanta, protein, thyroxine.

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