Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a prolonged, theoretically life-threatening condition caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). By damaging your immune system, HIV affects with your body's ability to fight the organisms that cause disease.
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has increased from past few years. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), about 1.5 million people died from HIV-related problems in 2016. As there is high rates of death and transmission by HIV, shows that more attention is needed to prevent the spread of the virus.
HIV is a sexually transmitted infection. It can also be spread by contact with infected blood or from mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth or breast-feeding. It can take years before HIV fails a person immune system to the fact that a person is having AIDS.
Primary Symptoms of HIV/AIDS:
· Muscle aches
· Sore throat
· Mouth or genital ulcers
· Swollen lymph glands, mainly on the neck
· Joint pain
· Night sweats
HIV Transmission through Blood
· HIV is most commonly spread through the blood.
· Direct blood transfusion from an infected blood donor is the way of exposure carrying the highest possibility for becoming infected.
· If a person wants to donate blood, before taking, they check with the HIV. If the result comes positive, then they are refused to donate the blood as it transmits the virus from person to person.
· Needle sharing through the use of prohibited drugs and accidental needle-sticks in a healthcare setting are additional ways by which HIV may be transmitted.
· Transmitting HIV through biting, spitting, or throwing body fluid transmits a minor risk.
Sexual Transmission of HIV:
· Having sex with HIV infected person increases the risk of the transmission.
· Open anal intercourse with an infected partner is most likely to result in sexual transmission of HIV.
· HIV may be transmitted both anally and vaginally during heterosexual intercourse.
· By oral intercourse transmission of HIV is at lower risk.
· If a person wants to share sexual contact with the infected person, condoms are the best way to prevent HIV infection.
· Condoms act as wall against semen and vaginal fluids.
· Sex with a condom is not 100 percent risk-free. Misuse and breakage can happen.
· Condoms decrease HIV transmission by 80 percent.
Mother to Child Transmission:
· HIV is transmitted through breast milk.
· Breastfeeding is especially problematic if the mother doesn’t know she has HIV.
· Mother to child transmissions can also occur at any point during pregnancy, as well as during delivery.
· During Pregnancy, doctors suggest to do HIV tests to newly pregnant women.
· If the test comes back positive, anti-HIV drugs are used to help decrease the risk of transmission during pregnancy and labor.
· If the baby is born HIV-free, still the virus may be transmitted through breast milk from mother to child.
HIV infection fails a person immune system, making a person highly disposed to various infections and certain types of cancers.