Food Allergies

Food allergy is not disease.  It is a reaction in immune system reaction because of a certain food. Food allergy becomes serious for some people. Food allergy can’t be cured from any type of medicine and treatment. It is only controlled by avoiding food causing allergies.

A food allergy is different from Food intolerance:

Mostly we mixed it with common reaction known as food intolerance. While bothersome, food intolerance is a less serious condition that does not involve the immune system.

Food allergies or food intolerances affect nearly everyone at some point. People often have an unpleasant reaction to something they ate and wonder if they have a food allergy. One out of three people either say that they have a food allergy or that they modify the family diet because a family member is suspected of having a food allergy. But only about 5% of children have clinically proven allergic reactions to foods. In teens and adults, food allergies occur in about 4% of the total population.

This difference between the clinically proven prevalence of food allergy and the public perception of the problem is in part due to reactions called "food intolerances" rather than food allergies. A food allergy, or hypersensitivity, is an abnormal response to a food that is triggered by the immune system. The immune system is not responsible for the symptoms of food intolerance, even though these symptoms can resemble those of a food allergy.

For example, being allergic to milk is different from not being able to digest it properly due to lactose intolerance.

It is extremely important for people who have true food allergies to identify them and prevent allergic reactions to food because these reactions can cause devastating illness and, in some cases, be fatal.

Statistics of food allergic people:

Researchers estimate that up to 15 million Americans have food allergies.

This potentially deadly disease affects 1 in every 13 children (under 18 years of age) in the U.S. That’s roughly two in every classroom.

The economic cost of children’s food allergies is nearly $25 billion per year

According to a study released in 2013 by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, food allergies among children increased approximately 50% between 1997 and 2011.

The number of people who have a food allergy is growing, but there is no clear answer as to why.

Researchers are trying to discover why food allergies are on the rise in developed countries worldwide, and to learn more about the impact of the disease in developing nations. More than 17 million Europeans have a food allergy, and hospital admissions for severe reactions in children have risen seven-fold over the past decade, according to the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI).

Common allergic food:

Eight foods account for 90 percent of all reactions: milk, eggs, peanuts, tree nuts, soy, wheat, fish and shellfish. Even trace amounts of a food allergen can cause a reaction.

Symptoms

· Tingling or itching in the mouth

· Hives, itching or eczema

· Swelling of the lips, face, tongue and throat or other parts of the body

· Wheezing, nasal congestion or trouble breathing

· Abdominal pain, diarrhoea, nausea or vomiting

· Dizziness, light-headedness or fainting

· Anaphylaxis

· In some people, a food allergy can trigger a severe allergic reaction called anaphylaxis. This can cause life-threatening signs and symptoms, including:

· Constriction and tightening of airways

· A swollen throat or the sensation of a lump in your throat that makes it difficult to breathe

· Shock with a severe drop in blood pressure

· Rapid pulse

· Dizziness, light-headedness or loss of consciousness

· Emergency treatment is critical for anaphylaxis. Untreated, anaphylaxis can cause a coma or even death.

· Exercise-induced food allergy

· Some people have an allergic reaction to a food triggered by exercise. Eating certain foods may cause you to feel itchy and lightheaded soon after you start exercising. In serious cases, an exercise-induced food allergy can cause certain reactions such as hives or anaphylaxis.

· Pollen-food allergy syndrome

· Cooking fruits and vegetables can help you avoid this reaction. Most cooked fruits and vegetables generally don't cause cross-reactive oral allergy symptoms.

Factors that are risky:

· Food allergies affect children and adults of all races and ethnicity.

· A food allergy can begin at any age.

· Your risk of having food allergies is higher if you have a parent who suffers from any type of allergic disease (asthma, eczema, food allergies, or environmental allergies such as hay fever).

· Children with food allergy are 2-4 times more likely to have other related conditions such as asthma and other allergies, compared with children who do not have food allergies.

· Food allergies may be a trigger for or associated with other allergic conditions, such as atopic dermatitis and eosinophilic gastrointestinal diseases.

Cure:

This can only be cured from avoidance of Food  allergens.

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