Pneumococcal disease

Pneumococcal disease

Pneumococcal disease is an infection caused by the Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) bacterium, also known as pneumococcus.  Streptococcus pneumoniae cause infection of the blood (bacteraemia/sepsis), middle-ear infection (otitis media), or bacterial meningitis. Sometimes cause Pneumonia.

According to World Health Organization (WHO):

“Pneumococcal disease is the world’s number 1 vaccine-preventable cause of death among infants and children younger than 5 years of age.”

Types of Pneumococcal disease:

Invasive pneumococcal diseases (IPD)

Invasive pneumococcal disease is more dangerous than any other and it mainly occur in major organ or in blood.

Causes of Invasive Pneumococcal disease:

· Bacteremia (sepsis) – this is bacterial infection of the blood.  Bacteremia means presence of live bacteria in the blood, while sepsis means a blood infection and cause associated with capillary leak, shock and an increased risk of mortality.

· Meningitis – meningitis is inflammation of the meninges. The meninges are the three membranes that cover the brain and the spinal cord.

· Bacteremic pneumonia – It is inflammation of one or both lungs, with pneumococcus in the bloodstream.

Non-invasive pneumococcal diseases

This is less severe than invasive pneumoccal disease. It occurs outside the organs or blood. S. pneumoniaecan starts from the nasopharynx (nose and throat) and grow to the upper and lower respiratory tract.

Causes of Non-invasive pneumococcal diseases:

· Otitis media – It is middle ear infection. Causes are accumulation of fluid in the middle ear, swelling of the eardrum, earache. It is caused when the eardrum is perforated drainage of pus into the ear canal.

· Non-bacteremic pneumonia – It is infection of the lower respiratory tract without detectable spread of organisms to the blood stream

Pneumococcal disease is more serious in:

· Infants

· Less than two years old Children

· Children who have an underlying medical condition which predisposes them to invasive pneumococcal disease.

· People over 65 years of age.

· Children in poor areas of developing countries.

· People having weak immune systems and patient of immunosuppression (e.g.

You must also Read:
Fruits And Vegetables For Healthy Eyes
Diet for Healthy Pregnancy
Acupressure Therapy For Healing The Body

Pneumococcal disease is an infection caused by the Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) bacterium, also known as pneumococcus.  Streptococcus pneumoniae cause infection of the blood (bacteraemia/sepsis), middle-ear infection (otitis media), or bacterial meningitis. Sometimes cause Pneumonia.

According to World Health Organization (WHO):

“Pneumococcal disease is the world’s number 1 vaccine-preventable cause of death among infants and children younger than 5 years of age.”

Types of Pneumococcal disease:

Invasive pneumococcal diseases (IPD)

Invasive pneumococcal disease is more dangerous than any other and it mainly occur in major organ or in blood.

Causes of Invasive Pneumococcal disease:

· Bacteremia (sepsis) – this is bacterial infection of the blood.  Bacteremia means presence of live bacteria in the blood, while sepsis means a blood infection and cause associated with capillary leak, shock and an increased risk of mortality.

· Meningitis – meningitis is inflammation of the meninges. The meninges are the three membranes that cover the brain and the spinal cord.

· Bacteremic pneumonia – It is inflammation of one or both lungs, with pneumococcus in the bloodstream.

Non-invasive pneumococcal diseases

This is less severe than invasive pneumoccal disease. It occurs outside the organs or blood. S. pneumoniaecan starts from the nasopharynx (nose and throat) and grow to the upper and lower respiratory tract.

Causes of Non-invasive pneumococcal diseases:

· Otitis media – It is middle ear infection. Causes are accumulation of fluid in the middle ear, swelling of the eardrum, earache. It is caused when the eardrum is perforated drainage of pus into the ear canal.

· Non-bacteremic pneumonia – It is infection of the lower respiratory tract without detectable spread of organisms to the blood stream

Pneumococcal disease is more serious in:

· Infants

· Less than two years old Children

· Children who have an underlying medical condition which predisposes them to invasive pneumococcal disease.

· People over 65 years of age.

· Children in poor areas of developing countries.

· People having weak immune systems and patient of immunosuppression (e.g. high-dose steroids, chemotherapy), HIV, or AIDS.

· Patients with chronic diseases, such as: Diabetes, Lung disease, Heart disease, Cancer, Kidney disease, Sickle cell disease, Alcoholism, Residents of chronic (long-term) care facilities.

· Patients who have a history of spleen dysfunction or spleen disease.

· Tobacco smokers.

· People who have a cochlear implant (a type of hearing aid).

· Patients with cerebrospinal fluid leak (e.g. due to fractured base of skull)

Symptoms of Pneumococcal Disease:

However symptoms of Pneumococcal disease vary but few are common:

· An elevated body temperature (fever)

· Chills

· Sweat

· Aches and pains

· Headache

· Malaise (generally feeling unwell)

Symptoms of Pneumococcal bacteraemia:

· An elevated body temperature (fever)

· Headache

· Muscular aches and pains

· Rapid heart rate

· Rapid breathing

Symptoms of Pneumococcal meningitis:

· An elevated body temperature (fever)

· Headache

· Nausea

· Vomiting

· Sleepiness

· Irritability

· Stiff neck

· Seizures

· Sometimes coma

Symptoms of Pneumococcal pneumonia

· Cough

· An elevated body temperature (fever)

· Breathing problems, such as shortness of breath (rapid breathing)

· Chest pain

· Other symptoms may include:

· Nausea

· Vomiting

· Headache

· Fatigue (tiredness)

· Muscle aches

Symptoms of Pneumococcal acute otitis media:

· Earache

· An elevated body temperature (fever)

· Vomiting

· Diarrhoea

· Temporary hearing loss

· Ear discharge

Vaccine of Pneumococcal Disease:

There are 90 different known strains of Streptococcus pneumonia are present. All of then can’t be cured with Vaccine but some can be protected. Following are there name

· Vaccines: PCV7, PCV10 and PPS23.

· Prevenar: This protect infection of children especially infants.

· Pneumovax 23: this vaccine is for other age group peoples especially adults.

· Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV): this for child under 2 years of age

.

Below Articles may be helpful to you:
Common Yoga Mistakes To Be Avoided By Beginners
Positive Effects Of Organic Foods On Daily Life
To Know How We Can Protect Our Skin In Different Weathers

Ask our Counsellors


Comments

0 # Himmat 2018-04-12
Hii, I am from Chhatarpur, plz let me know What is gonorrhoea ?
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # Dr. Pooja 2018-04-13
Hello, Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the Neisseria gonorrhoea,This disease is caused in the genitourinary tracts, for more details plz visit good gynec in Chhatarpur, find list of Gynecologist in Chhatarpur
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # Rohan Older than three months
Hi, plz let me know What is the incubation period of Syphilis, also give me the list of good female's specialist in SAS Nagar Mohali ?
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # Dr. Pooja Older than three months
Hii, The incubation period can be 10 to 90 days, plz find list of Gynecologist in SAS Nagar Mohali
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # Himmat Older than three months
Hii, can you plz tell me,What changes can occur in skin in syphilis patient, also suggest good obstertrician in Raisen ?
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # Dr. Pooja Older than three months
Rashes can occur on the skin in the near areas,rashes can be discrete and also symmetrical in nature, Rashes can also be pustular, you can consult with Obstetrician in Raisen.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # Aayush Older than three months
Hello, I am from Subarnapur, PLz suggest some biochemic remedies for gonorrhoea .
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # Dr. Pooja Older than three months
Kali Mur, Natrum Mur, Natrum Sulph, and silicea are few important biochemic emedies in homoeopathy which can be used safely in this case, you can also take advise from gynecologist given here-Gynecologist in Subarnapur.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # sherin kollannur Older than three months
thanks for valuable information
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote