Babies who are below the age of 1 are expected to the Inactivated Poliomyelitis Vaccine, commonly known as IPV from October. The method to give this vaccine is Intramuscular injection. Moreover, the currently used OPV also known as Trivalent Oral Polio Vaccine will soon be replaced with bivalent OPV from the April next year.
After the introduction of IPV as a vaccine against the much dreaded Polio, the routine immunization program has hinted that the OPV will soon be excluded.
Dr. R P Jain who is a project director for the Immunization program said that “There are three viruses causing polio- P1, P2 and P3. So far, we provide trivalent OPV against the three viruses. Now, as the health authorities in the world have made an Endgame Plan for poliovirus eradication, the decision has been taken to do away with OPV in phase-wise manner. From April 2016, the OPV for P2 virus will not be given to the children in the state. If we withdraw OPV for P2 virus, there could be some chances of P2 virus infection. To mitigate the risk, IPV will be introduced six months before OPV for P2 virus will be withdrawn."
Since 2009, no new case of Polio has surfaced or registered in the State of Rajasthan. The last case related to polio was registered on 27th November 2009 in Bharatpur. The same witnessed two different cases of polio other and prior to the one mentioned.
The department of Health and the health ministry of the state are all set to introduce IPV in October. Dr. Jain further said “Now, the state health department and ministry of health will introduce IPV in October. "There will not be much change in the routine immunization programme. In spite of trivalent OPV, we will give bivalent OPV to under 5 children from April 2016. Also, IPV will be introduced in routine immunization programme from October 2015 for children under 1. The doses will remain the same. Earlier, there were three doses of trivalent OPV at the age of 1.5 months, 2.5 months and when child attains the age of 3.5 months. Now, for bivalent OPV, the doses will remain the same but along with the third dose of OPV, we will give IPV to kids aged less than 1 year."
Apart from this the department of health is expected to organize a workshop to spread awareness among-st all the officials in all the districts about the launch of new proposed IPV in the state. These respective workshops will function to provide necessary and adequate information related to the new vaccine launched keep Polio in check.