Rosacea not normal pimple

Rosacea is a not normal pimple. It is chronic disease. Symptoms are redness and pimples around the face which is sometimes accompanied by watery and bloodshot eyes (known as ocular rosacea).  It is disease of face usually affects face but sometimes grows to other part of body. Rosacea mostly affects adults between 30 & 60 and more common in women going through menopause than men. It is common to people have family history of Rosacea.

According to National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMSD), 14 million people in the United States are affected by Rosacea.

Rosacea is totally different from acne and different conditions but a type rosacea sometimes called acne rosacea. It is an inflammatory response to oil in the skin. Acne rosacea occurs when the sebaceous gland is trapped by skin layers over the pores, and the oil sensitizes the skin. This increases the blood supply and creates telangiectasia, better known as spider veins, as well as oiliness, firming of the skin due to collagen formation, thickening of the skin and enlarged pores.

Signs and Symptoms

Primary Symptoms:

· Temporary redness or flushing of the skin, also known as transient erythema

· Persistent redness of the skin, also known as non-transient erythema

· Red pimples on the skin and visible blood vessels

Secondary Symptoms:

· skin plaques characterized by broad, raised portions of the skin, dry skin, stinging and burning, skin thickening and reddish and bulbous growths on the nose also known as rhinophyma.

· Rhinophyma is a condition caused by enlarged sebaceous glands beneath the surface of the skin. It is more likely to occur in men than in women, according to the National Institutes of Health.

Causes of Rosacea:

Some Causes that can trigger rosacea:

· Hot foods or beverages

· Spicy foods

· Alcohol

· Temperature extremes

· Sunlight

· Stress, anger or embarrassment

· Strenuous exercise

· Hot baths or saunas

· Corticosteroids, such as prednisone

· Drugs that dilate blood vessels, including some blood pressure medications

Diagnosis

Blood test can’t diagnose the rosacea. It is diagnosed by doctor. Physical appearance of rosacea is an adult with redness in the central face (cheeks and nose) frequently with some bumps that look like pimples which is diagnosed by dermatologist. Biopsy of the skin may confirm skin changes consistent with rosacea; this is rarely used for diagnosis because rosacea affects the face and leaves a scar on face.

Treatment and medication:

· Antibiotic metronidazole (brand names Metrocream, MetroGel or Noritate) is most commonly used for treatment.

· Natural treatment: Finacea, a gel that contains azelaic acid, an organic compound found in wheat, barley and rye.

· Microscopic mites can live in skin pores and aggravate rosacea, according to Prystowsky. These are treated with ivermectin (Stromectol) or other mite-killing agents.

· oral antibiotics such as doxcycline (Adoxa) are helpful, and occasionally isotretinoin (Absorica, Accutane, Claravis, and other brand names) is used

· Laser treatments using a pulsed dye laser is helpful in diminishing the appearance of dilated vessels and redness of the face in addition to therapy.

· Brimonidine (Mirvaso), has become available to help control the redness

Precautions:

· Avoid hot beverages, spicy food, alcohol and hot baths.

· People whose skin is sensitive to sunlight should wear broad-spectrum sunscreen

· People whose overly dry skin should stick to mild cleansers and oil-free moisturizers.

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