Gastric Bypass surgery is one type of bariatric surgery conducted for reducing weight. These surgical procedures make changes to the digestive system of the patients with a view to help them lose weight by restricting the level of food that can be consumed or by bringing down the level of nutrient absorption or both. Generally, these surgical procedures are recommended for patients when diet and exercise are not working out or when an individual faces serious health issues because of his/her obesity.
Why gastric bypass?
As mentioned earlier, there are many types of bariatric surgeries, but many surgeons in the United States prefer gastric bypass. The reason is because of the lesser complications associated with this type as against other types. However, experts are of the opinion that these weight loss surgeries can pose serious health risks. In addition, it is important that the patient should make permanent changes to his/her diet and should get regular exercises for achieving long-term success from these surgical procedures.
Why is this surgery done?
As mentioned earlier, gastric bypass surgery is suggested to patients, who cannot lose weight following other methods and also when the obesity causes any of the following ill effects on the health of the individual:
• Type 2 diabetes
• Severe sleep apnea
• High blood pressure
• Heart disease
• Gastroesophageal Refulx Disease
Who is it for?
Generally, gastric bypass and other bariatric surgeries are suggested to obese people, who come under the following categories:
• When the Body Mass Index is 40 or higher, which is stated as the stage of extreme obesity
• When the BMI is between 35 and 39.9, which means obesity, but when the patient faces many health issues because of the excess weight.
However, Gastric Bypass Surgery is not for all people falling under the above two categories. It is important that the obese individuals will have to meet certain criteria to qualify for the surgery. The surgeons will decide whether a patient is the candidate for this surgery only after thorough and extensive screening. Of course, it is done only on patients, who accept to make some permanent changes to the lifestyle. Patients, who have undergone this surgery, will have to participate in long-term follow up plans for accessing the medical condition and nutrition.
Generally, any type of bariatric surgery is expensive and so it is better to check whether the health insurance policy covers this surgical procedure.
How to prepare?
When a patient qualifies for gastric bypass or other weight loss surgeries, the surgeon will provide the guidance to the patient as to how to prepare for the surgery. Different lab tests and examinations will be conducted before the surgery and there will be restrictions on eating, drinking and medications taken. Also, the patient will be asked to stop tobacco use and will also be suggested to engage in some sort of physical activity.
To conclude, there are many types of bariatric surgeries for providing relief from excessive obesity and generally surgical procedures are suggested only when the other methods do not work out in an obese individual.