Vitamin D is one among the important vitamins needed for the healthy functioning of the human body. There are two different forms of this Vitamin called as Vitamin D2 and D3. The former is otherwise called as ergocalciferol and this comes from plant and fortified foods. The latter is otherwise called as cholecalciferol and this comes from animal foods and fortified foods. Also, the latter type of Vitamin D can be internally produced when your skin is exposed to the Sun. This is a fat-soluble vitamin as well. This means that it gets stored in the fat cells of the humans for use when required and it is also constantly used by the human body for bone remodeling and calcium metabolism a well.
What does this Vitamin do for the human body?
During the early stages of the 20th century, most of the children in Leyden, Boston and New York were affected with rickets, which is a bone-deforming disease. Then, it was found that taking regular sunbaths is capable of preventing rickets due to the fact that Sun can provide the human body with huge quantity of Vitamin D.
Not only for prevention and treatment of rickets, researchers also found that Vitamin D can bring the following benefits to the humans:
• It can bring down the incidence and severity of cardiovascular issues
• It can help in bringing down blood pressure and hypertension
• It can play a major role towards prevention of osteopenia and osteoporosis.
• It can also bring down the incidence of type 2 diabetes.
• It can help in bringing down inflammation in any part of the body
• It can reduce the risk of allergies in children and in adults as well.
• It can play a major role towards bringing down dental cavities
• It can help in prevention and treatment of depression.
Causes of Vitamin D deficiency:
Generally, deficiency of this vitamin can lead to different issues and so it becomes important to understand the caused behind this deficiency, so that you can stay protected:
• Limited exposure to sun
• Darker skin
• Excess weight
• Medications and medical conditions
How is the deficiency diagnosed?
If the doctor thinks that there will be vitamin D deficiency in a patient with the help of symptoms experienced, a simple blood test will be suggested to identify the level of vitamin D in the body.
How is this vitamin stored in the body?
When the body is exposed to sunlight, this vitamin obtained from sunlight will be stored in the fat and will be released when an individual does not go outside for longer period.
Best food for vitamin D:
Experts are of the opinion that salmon can be the best source of Vitamin D for people identified with this deficiency. The flesh of fatty fish like salmon, mackerel and tuna can help in this regard. This vitamin is present in smaller quantities in egg yolks, cheese and beef liver as well.