Recurrent attack of headache with varied in duration frequency and intensity, commonly unilateral, usually associate with abdominal discomfort gases and acidity. Migraine is a very common form of headache, seen in nearly 15 % of the population. Women are more likely to suffer from migraine, than men. In Ayurveda, migraine is very similar to Ardhavabhedak, a vata dosha disorder.
Causes of Migraine : The exact cause of migraine is not known. In people with migraine complaints, it is observed that there are usually some triggering factors that bring on the migraine headache. These are : • irregularity in meals • excessive spices • cheese • chocolate • fast foods • coffee intake • watching TV for prolong time • sudden temperature variation (AC to non AC) • physical and emotional stress.
Ayurvedic View: According to Ayurvedic principles, migraine is a tridosha disorder,Out of the three doshas, Vata and pitta dosha are the prominent factors. Vata controls the nervous system and brain activity and it is the imbalance of this Vata that causes the diseases. Vata imbalance arises due to improper metabolism, poor elimination, mental and physical stress, viewing of TV for long periods, reading with insufficient light, sleeplessness, etc.Out of the three doshas, pittadosha is the most prominent factor. "Pitta" causes dilation of the blood vessels, which causes the onset of a migraine attack.
Some Home Remedies for Cure Migraine : • Guduchi juice or decotion ½ cup with 1tsf of honey. • Tulsi leaves, black pepper, arjun decoction orally as tea. • Khaskhas – 4gm, dhania -2 gm, black pepper – 250mg, abrak bhasma – 125 mg, praval pisti, -250 mg, giloya satva – 250 mg divide in 21 part and Take thrice for 7 days • Vacha and long pipper(pippali) powder is used orally gives relief these are the some home remedies for headache.
Some Specific Treatments : 1. Shirshooladi vajra ras - 125 mg Sutshekhar ras - 125 mg Maha laxmivilas ras - 125 mg X twice a day with honey 2. Godanti Bhasma - dose of one gram thrice daily. The medication is to be taken with honey 3. Bramhi vati – 1 tds with water 4. Saraswatarist 3 tsp +1/2 cup of water bd after meal
Diet : Good dietary habits would help an individual maintain good health and offer immunity from recurring bouts of headaches. Consuming cooked vegetables without oil should be encouraged. Have a diet rich in fruits and vegetables.Vegetable juices and soup, fruits and fruit juices including apple, mango. Highly-fruit based diet for a day or two can relieve pain. Grapes, lemons, cabbage juice are especially important.Rice, salad and buttermilk can always be consumed.
Yoga: Simple Yoga treatments have been found to serve both as an alternative and as a supplement for dealing with Migraine and Headaches. Yoga is known to offer both cure and immunity from headaches. Headaches caused due to tension and worry can be alleviated through deep breathing and relaxation, especially in a lying down position in a quiet place. Inverted postures, or those where the head is lowered briefly, increase oxygen to the brain and can reduce headache-causing strain. Do Pranayam, meditation, sarvangasana, savasana daily.
Panchakarma: Nasyaor medicated oil drops used for the treatment of migraine is of two types. The first is called "Shirovirechan", in which strong, irritant medicines are instilled as nasal drops, which induce sneezing and watery discharge. The second is called as "Avapidak nasya' in which a paste is prepared of a herb or several herbs, and the liquid is inserted in the nostrils. Usually, herbs like Vacha (Acorus calamus) and Pippali ( Piper longum) are used along with honey. Both procedures are aimed at removing the cause of the headache and the pain. The medicated enema used in migraine is called as "Anuvasan Basti". Small quantities of medicated oils, usually about 50 ml. are given at regular intervals. Oil of Sesame and Mahanarayan oil are usually used for this purpose. Other panchkarma procedures : shirovasti, shirodhara are also helpful in maigraine.