Malaria is an infectious and deadly disease that is prevalent in many countries and it is particularly found common in India. This is actually a disease that is caused by the mosquito-borne plasmodium parasite. As mosquitoes breed in stagnant water and so the arrival of monsoon marks a steep increase in the number of cases. There is no vaccine that is currently available for this disease, but it can be prevented and taking some preventive measures will help in keeping away:
Some Preventive Measures to Take:
Mosquito Net during Nights:
Nowadays, different types of mosquito nets are available in the market and using an insecticide net, particularly medicated one will act as a preventive barrier. These nets are generally treated with chemicals for killing mosquitoes and these chemical-based nets do not create any ill-effects on the health of humans. It is important that the purchase should be carefully made as it should be in good condition without any holes and is properly tucked in to be effective manner.
It is suggested that you can use mosquito repellent sprays in the bedroom before going to bed.
It is recommended to wear loose-fitting tops with long sleeves, socks and trousers when you will have to get out at nights. Here, it is better to wear light colors as mosquitoes are generally attracted to darker colors.
There are insect repellent creams available in the market and it is better to go for the one with DEET or Diethyltoluamide before going to bed. If you are an individual, who use sunscreen, it is better to first apply such a lotion and then the insect repellent should be applied. The thing to remember here is that the repellant will not work if it is covered with thick layer of sunscreen. Even, you can use sunscreen with repellent as an alternative.
Not just your bed, you can cover your entire bedroom with fine mesh netting to prevent mosquitoes from getting in. As these insects are less active in cooler temperature, you can also use air conditioners in your bedroom.
Keep the house tidy:
Yes, untidy places in your house can turn out to be breeding grounds for mosquitoes. So, it is better to avoid stagnant water in rubbish cans and any other type of water stagnation around your house. Remember to keep doors and windows clear of things, wherein mosquitoes can hide themselves and can breed.
When you are infected with malaria-causing mosquito, the symptoms will generally start around 7-10 days after the bite. You will feel tired and will experience bouts of fever every few hours. Even, when the outside temperature is normal, you will experience shivers and there will be nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and headache. But, for people with weak immune system, the symptoms will trigger even earlier as compared to the period mentioned above.
When these symptoms are experienced, it is better to seek medical help for proper blood test and diagnosis. The doctor will prescribe appropriate medicines to get out of this fever, if it is diagnosed.