Generally, during pregnancy, it is stated that Vitamin A is highly essential for the growth of the embryo. In addition, it is also found that the deficiency of Vitamin D will lead to retarded growth of the fetus and other complications. The other vital processes like metabolism is rightly taken care by thiamine during pregnancy and also folic acid can bring down the risk of neural tube defects. In short, to survive the 9 months of pregnancy in a healthy fashion, vitamins are essential and here are the top 5 important vitamins and some details in this regard:
Vitamin A: Vitamin A is the soluble vitamin that is stored in the liver and it is crucial for the growth of embryo as mentioned earlier. The development that depends on this vitamin includes brain development, nervous system, circulatory and respiratory, eyes, kidney, heart, teeth and bone development. This vitamin will also help in repairing of postpartum tissues and this is why gynecologists generally recommend their patients to take more of vitamin A rich foods during the later stages of pregnancy. When it comes to rich sources of this vitamin, milk, carrots, eggs, green and yellow vegetables, potatoes and spinach can be included by carrying moms in higher quantities during the later stages of their pregnancy.
Vitamin C: This vitamin, which is popularly known as ascorbic acid can play a major role towards tissue repair, healthy skin and growth of teeth and bones. In addition to bringing its own benefits, this vitamin can also increase the efficiency of the body to absorb more iron and this vitamin deficiency can even lead to mental development retardation of the baby. Tomatoes, citrus fruits like oranges, lemons, broccoli, strawberries, potatoes, papaya, bell peppers and green beans are rich in this vitamin.
Vitamin E: The third important essential vitamin for carrying moms is vitamin E, which will help in the formation of muscles and red blood cells. However, a high dose of this vitamin can be risky and even experts recommend that prenatal vitamins naturally contain the enough doses of Vitamin E and so it is not essential to take any form of supplement for this vitamin.
Vitamin D: This vitamin will help the body in maintaining proper levels of phosphorus and calcium. It can provide the right kind of protection against different diseases like autoimmune disease, gum disease, cancer and diabetes. The deficiency of this vitamin can lead to complications during pregnancy, retarded growth and skeletal deformities in the growing baby. Some of the sources of this vitamin include Sun shine, fatty fish and milk.
Thiamine: This is a water soluble vitamin that belongs to the family of Vitamin B. This is popularly known as Vitamin B1 and it is responsible for metabolism and other important processes. For example, it is essential for extracting energy from glucose. In addition to bringing down the risk of low birth weight, this vitamin can also help in the normal development of brain and nervous system of the baby. Some sources include legumes, nuts, berries, rice, eggs, whole grains and fortified cereals.