Nowadays, C-Section, which is commonly known as Caesarean Procedure is increasingly turning out to be the procedure for delivery of baby these days. However, this procedure should be performed only when the baby cannot be delivered vaginally. In the United States, reports state that one in three babies is delivered by this method. Now, let us get into some details about this method.
Who needs a Caesarean?
In most of the cases, it is done as an emergency procedure, while it is rarely planned. Here are some of the common reasons, while gynaecologists choose this procedure:
• When multiple babies are to be delivered
• When the mom has high blood pressure
• When there are some problems in umbilical cord or placenta
• Failure in the labor progression
• Problems with the shape of pelvis or uterus
• Baby is in a position that can contribute towards unsafe delivery like in breech position.
• When the baby shows some signs of distress like high heart beat
• When the baby has health issues that can make normal delivery risky
• When the mom has herpes or HIV infection that can affect the baby.
What happens during the caesarean procedure?
The mom will be given a general anaesthesia and when the procedure is planned in advance, there will be local anaesthesia like a spinal block or an epidural shot that will numb the body from the chest down. During this procedure, a catheter will be placed in the urethra of the mother for removal of urine. When it is local anaesthesia, the mom will be able to feel some tugging or pulling, when the baby is lifted from the uterus.
There will be two incisions made in the body of the mom, wherein the first is a transverse incision, which will be made above six inches long low on the abdomen. This incision will cut through the muscle, fat and skin, while the second incision will be made in such a way that the uterus can be wide open to take the baby out. Once the baby is removed from the uterus, the placenta will be removed before the incisions are stitched by the doctor. Once the operation is completed, fluid will be suctioned out of the baby via nose and mouth. The mom will be in a position to hold the baby shortly after delivery and then she will be moved to the recovery room and catheter will be removed soon thereafter.
In the case of childbirth under caesarean method, most hospitals recommend a stay in the hospital for about 3-5 nights. Initially, the mom will have difficulty and pain during movement. However, pain medication will be given initially via IV and then orally. Also, the physical movement will be restricted for about 4-6 weeks after the procedure.
Like other surgical procedures, there are some complications associated with this procedure as well. Some of them include bladder/bowel injuries, blood clots, infections, bleeding and there are chances of reactions to anaesthesia medications as well.